Naomi Elaine CampbellÂ (born 22 May 1970)Â is an English model, actress, and businesswoman. Discovered at the age of 15, she established herself amongst the most recognizable and in-demand models of the late 1980s and the 1990sÂ and was one of six models of her generation declaredÂ supermodelsÂ by theÂ fashion industryÂ and the international press.
In addition to her modeling career, Campbell has embarked on other ventures, including anÂ R&B–popÂ studio album and several acting appearances in film and television, such as the modelling-competition reality showÂ The FaceÂ and its international offshoots. Campbell is also involved in charity work for various causes.
Campbell was born inÂ Streatham,Â South LondonÂ to Jamaican-born dancer Valerie Morris.Â In accordance with her mother’s wishes, Campbell has never met her father,Â who abandoned her mother when she was four months pregnantÂ and went unnamed on her birth certificate.Â She took the surname “Campbell” from her mother’s second marriage.Â Her half-brother Pierre was born in 1985.Â Campbell is of Jamaican descent, as well as ofÂ Chinese-JamaicanÂ ancestry through her paternal grandmother, who carried the surname “Ming”.
Campbell spent her early years in Rome, where her mother worked as aÂ modern dancer.Â On their return to London, she lived with relatives while her mother travelled across Europe with the dance troupe Fantastica.Â From age three, Campbell attended theÂ Barbara Speake Stage SchoolÂ and at 10 she was accepted into theÂ Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts, where she studiedÂ ballet.
1978â€“86: Career beginnings
Campbell was 7 in 1978 when she made her first public appearance in the music video forÂ Bob Marley‘s “Is This Love“.Â At the age of 12 she tap-danced in the music video forÂ Culture Club‘s “I’ll Tumble 4 Ya“.Â In 1986, while still a student of the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts, Campbell was scouted by Beth Boldt, head of the SynchroÂ Model Agency, while window-shopping inÂ Covent Garden.Â Her career quickly took offâ€”in April, just before her 16th birthday she appeared on the cover of BritishÂ Elle.
1987â€“97: International success
Over the next few years, Campbell’s career progressed steadily: she walked the catwalk for such designers asÂ Gianni Versace,Â Azzedine AlaÃ¯a, andÂ Isaac Mizrahi, and posed for such photographers asÂ Peter Lindbergh,Â Herb Ritts, andÂ Bruce Weber.Â By the late 1980s, Campbell, withÂ Christy TurlingtonÂ andÂ Linda Evangelista, formed a trio known as the “Trinity”,Â who became the most recognisable and in-demand models of their generation.
When faced withÂ racial discrimination, Campbell received support from her white friends; she later quoted Turlington and Evangelista as tellingÂ Dolce & Gabbana, “If you don’t use Naomi, you don’t get us.”Â In December 1987, she appeared on the cover of BritishÂ Vogue, as that publication’s first black cover girl since 1966.Â In August 1988, she became the first black model to appear on the cover of FrenchÂ Vogue,Â after her friend and mentor, designerÂ Yves St. Laurent, threatened to withdraw his advertising from the magazine if it continued to refuse to place black models on its cover.Â The following year, she appeared on the cover of AmericanÂ Vogue, which marked the first time a black model graced the front of the September magazine, traditionally the year’s biggest and most important issue.
In January 1990, Campbell, who was declared “the reigning megamodel of them all” byÂ Interview,Â appeared with Turlington, Evangelista,Â Cindy CrawfordÂ andÂ Tatjana PatitzÂ on a cover of BritishÂ Vogue, shot by Peter Lindbergh.Â The group was subsequently cast to star in the music video forÂ George Michael‘s “Freedom! ’90“.Â By then, Campbell, Turlington, Evangelista, Crawford andÂ Claudia SchifferÂ formed an elite group of models declared “supermodels” by the fashion industry.Â With the addition of newcomerÂ Kate Moss, they were collectively known as the “Big Six”.
In March 1991, in a defining moment of the so-called supermodel era, Campbell walked the catwalk forÂ VersaceÂ with Turlington, Evangelista and Crawford, arm-in-arm and lip-synching the words to “Freedom! ’90”.Â Later that year, she starred asÂ Michael Jackson‘s love interest in the music video for “In the Closet“.Â In April 1992, she posed with several other top models for the hundredth-anniversary cover ofÂ AmericanÂ Vogue, shot byÂ Patrick Demarchelier.Â That same year, she appeared inÂ Madonna‘s controversial bookÂ Sex, in a set of nude photos with Madonna and rapperÂ Big Daddy Kane.
In 1993, Campbell twice appeared on the cover of AmericanÂ Vogue; in April, alongside Christy Turlington, Claudia Schiffer,Â Stephanie SeymourÂ andÂ Helena Christensen, and again, solo, in June. She famously fell on the catwalk inÂ Vivienne Westwood‘s foot-highÂ platform shoes, which were later displayed at theÂ Victoria and Albert MuseumÂ in London.Â Despite her success, however,Â Elite Model Management, which had represented Campbell since 1987, fired her in September, on the grounds that “no amount of money or prestige could further justify the abuse” to staff and clients.Â Elite founder John Casablancas described her as “manipulative, scheming, rude and impossible.”
In the mid-1990s, Campbell branched out into other areas of the entertainment industry.Â Her novelÂ Swan, about a supermodel dealing with blackmail, was released in 1994 to poor reviews.Â It wasÂ ghostwrittenÂ by Caroline Upcher, with Campbell stating that she “just did not have the time to sit down and write a book.”Â That same year, she released her albumÂ Baby Woman, which was named after designerÂ Rifat Ozbek‘s nickname for Campbell.Â Produced byÂ YouthÂ andÂ Tim Simenon, the album was only commercially successful in Japan; it failed to reach the top 75 on the UK charts,Â while its only single, “Love and Tears”, reached No. 40.Â Baby WomanÂ was mocked by critics, inspiring theÂ Naomi AwardsÂ for terrible pop music.Â During the mid-1990s, Campbell also had small roles inÂ Miami RhapsodyÂ andÂ Spike Lee‘sÂ Girl 6, as well as a recurring role on the second season ofÂ New York Undercover.
In 1995, along with fellow models Schiffer, Turlington andÂ Elle Macpherson, Campbell invested in a chain of restaurants called theÂ Fashion Cafe, whose directors were arrested for fraud, bankruptcy and money laundering in 1998.
1998â€“2012: Other ventures
In 1998,Â TimeÂ declared the end of the supermodel era.Â Campbell continued modelling, both on the runway and, more frequently, on print.Â In 1999, she signed her first cosmetics contract with Cosmopolitan Cosmetics, a division ofÂ Wella, through which she launched several signature fragrances.Â In November of that year, she posed with 12 other top models for the “Modern Muses” cover of the Millennium Issue of AmericanÂ Vogue, shot byÂ Annie Leibovitz.Â The following month, she appeared in a white string bikini and furs on the cover ofÂ Playboy.Â In October 2001, she appeared with rapperÂ Sean “Puff Daddy” CombsÂ on the cover of BritishÂ Vogue, with the headline “Naomi and Puff: The Ultimate Power Duo”.
In 2007, she walked the catwalk forÂ Dior‘s 60th-anniversary fashion show atÂ Versailles.Â In July 2008, she appeared with fellow black modelsÂ Liya Kebede,Â Sessilee LopezÂ andÂ Jourdan DunnÂ on the gatefold cover of a landmark all-black issue of ItalianÂ Vogue, shot byÂ Steven Meisel. In September of that year, Campbell reunited with Christy Turlington, Linda Evangelista, Cindy Crawford, Claudia Schiffer and Stephanie Seymour for “A League of Their Own”, aÂ Vanity FairÂ feature on the supermodel legacy.
In 2011, Campbell appeared with Liya Kebede andÂ ImanÂ on the cover of the 40th-anniversary issue ofÂ Essence.Â She also starred asÂ Duran DuranÂ frontmanÂ Simon Le BonÂ in the band’s music video for “Girl Panic!”, with Cindy Crawford, Helena Christensen,Â Eva HerzigovaÂ andÂ Yasmin Le BonÂ portraying the other band members; they appeared in the November edition of BritishÂ Harper’s BazaarÂ in an editorial titled “The Supers vs. Duran Duran”.Â Campbell performed with Kate Moss and other supermodels in the closing ceremony of theÂ 2012 Olympic Games, where they modelled haute couture to represent British fashion. Campbell wore a design byÂ Alexander McQueenâ€”a staggered hem gown with a train speckled with flecks of gold.
2013â€“present: Continued success
In March 2013, Campbell graced the inaugural cover ofÂ NumÃ©roÂ Russia. Campbell also became involved inÂ reality televisionÂ through the modelling competitionÂ The FaceÂ and its international offshoots. In the U.S., she served as a coach and judge, along withÂ Karolina KurkovaÂ andÂ Coco Rocha, onÂ Oxygen‘sÂ The Face, hosted by photographerÂ Nigel Barker. She also hostedÂ the British versionÂ of the show, which aired onÂ Sky LivingÂ later that same year, andÂ The Face Australia, which ran onÂ Fox8Â in 2014.
In 2014, Campbell covered the May issue ofÂ VogueÂ Australia, the September issue ofÂ VogueÂ Japan, and the November issue ofÂ VogueÂ Turkey; the latter two were special editions celebrating Campbell and fellow supermodels.Â Campbell also covered the Vietnamese, Singaporean and the 35th anniversary Latin American edition ofÂ Harper’s Bazaar.Â In 2014, Campbell was named TV Personality of the year byÂ Glamour Magazine. The award was presented at the annual Glamour Women of The Year Awards in London.
The following year, she closed the Fall/WinterÂ Zac PosenÂ show atÂ New York Fashion Week,Â and featured in Spring/Summer 2015 campaigns forÂ BurberryÂ and lingerie retailerÂ Agent Provocateur.
Campbell has walked the runways forÂ Marc Jacobs,Â Yves Saint Laurent,Â ChloÃ©,Â Diane Von Furstenberg,Â Prada,Â Chanel,Â Givenchy,Â Dolce & Gabbana,Â Burberry,Â Zac Posen,Â Blumarine,Â Karl Lagerfeld,Â Gianfranco FerrÃ©,Â Versace,Â Helmut Lang,Â Christian Dior,Â John Galliano,Â Ralph Lauren,Â Jean Paul Gaultier,Â Tommy Hilfiger,Â Oscar de la Renta,Â Michael Kors,Â Anna Sui,Â Louis Vuitton,Â HermÃ©s,Â Marchesa,Â Roberto CavalliÂ andÂ Valentino.
She has appeared in advertising campaigns forÂ Fendi,Â Burberry,Â Dolce & Gabbana,Â Escada,Â Louis Vuitton,Â Prada,Â Ralph Lauren,Â ChloÃ©,Â Versace,Â Givenchy,Â Blumarine, Yves Saint Laurent,Â Isaac Mizrahi,Â Tommy Hilfiger,Â Valentino,Â La Perla, Dennis Basso,Â Philipp Plein,Â Mango,Â Thierry Mugler,Â Balmain,Â Nars,Â Roberto Cavalli,Â David Yurman,Â Alessandro Dell’Acqua,Â DSquared2,Â Express,Â H&M,Â Bloomingdale’s,Â Dillard’s,Â Macy’s,Â Barneys New York,Â Neiman Marcus,Â Gap,Â Avon,Â RevlonÂ andÂ Victoria’s Secret.
In 2015, Campbell signed on as a recurring character in theÂ FoxÂ dramaÂ EmpireÂ as Camilla Marks, a fashion designer and love interest to Hakeem Lyon, portrayed byÂ Bryshere Y. Gray. In October 2015, Campbell was featured in a two-episode arc inÂ American Horror Story: Hotel, as aÂ VogueÂ fashion editor named Claudia Bankson.
In 2016, Campbell appeared in the music video forÂ Anohni‘s single “Drone Bomb Me“. In September 2017, Campbell appeared in Versace’s Spring/Summer 2018 show celebrating the lateÂ Gianni Versace, alongside Schiffer, Crawford, Christensen andÂ Carla BruniÂ and also featured in the campaign for the collection. In February 2018, Campbell and Moss returned to the runway and closedÂ Kim Jones‘ final menswear show for Louis Vuitton. In April, she featured on the cover of BritishÂ GQÂ alongside rapperÂ Skepta.
In 2018, as every year, the international fashion community honors the best and brightest in American design at theÂ CFDA Fashion Awards. Naomi Campbell hasÂ received the prestigious Fashion Icon AwardÂ at the CFDA’s ceremony on 4 June.
Activism and charity
Despite her status as the most famous black model of her time, Campbell never earned the same volume of advertising assignments as her white colleagues,Â and she was not signed by a cosmetics company until as late as 1999.Â In 1991, she said, “I may be considered one of the top models in the world, but in no way do I make the same money as any of them.”Â Throughout her career, Campbell has been outspoken against the racial bias that exists in the fashion industry.Â In 1997, she stated, “There is prejudice. It is a problem and I can’t go along any more with brushing it under the carpet. This business is about selling, and blonde and blue-eyed girls are what sells.”
A decade later, she again spoke out against discrimination, stating, “The American president may be black, but as a black woman, I am still an exception in this business. I always have to work harder to be treated equally.”Â In 2013, Campbell joined fellow black modelsÂ ImanÂ andÂ Bethann HardisonÂ in an advocacy group called “Diversity Coalition”. In an open letter to the governing bodies of global fashion weeks, they named high-profile designers who used just one or no models of color in their fall 2013 shows, calling it a “racist act”.
Campbell is involved with several charitable causes. She supports theÂ Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund, for which she organised a benefitÂ VersaceÂ fashion show in 1998.Â Held atÂ Nelson Mandela‘s South African presidential residence,Â the show was the subject of a documentary titledÂ FashionKingdom, or alternatively,Â Naomi Conquers Africa. Campbell, whose mother has battled breast cancer, also supportsÂ Breakthrough Breast Cancer.Â In 2004, she was featured onÂ FHM‘s charity singleÂ Do Ya Think I’m Sexy?, as well as in the accompanying music video, of which all profits were donated to Breakthrough.Â She appeared in a print and media campaign for the charity’s fundraising initiative Fashion Targets Breast Cancer,Â and she opened a Breakthrough breast cancer research unit in 2009.
In 2005, Campbell founded the charity We Love Brazil, which aims to raise awareness and funds to fight poverty in Brazil through the sale of fabrics made by local women.Â That same year, Campbell founded the charity Fashion for Relief, which has organised fund-
raising fashion shows to benefit victims ofÂ Hurricane KatrinaÂ in 2005, theÂ Mumbai terrorist attacksÂ in 2008, theÂ Haiti earthquakeÂ in 2010, and theÂ Japan earthquakeÂ in 2011.Â By 2011, Fashion for Relief had reportedly raised Â£4.5 million.Â In 2018 Campbell held another Relief charity gala and the theme was Race To Equality.
In 2012, the charity teamed up withÂ YOOXÂ China and leading global and Chinese fashion designers, includingÂ Phillip LimÂ andÂ Masha Ma, to design Chinese-themed T-shirts to help fund its efforts and the various international charities it works with.Â Since 2007, Campbell has been the honorary president of Athla Onlus, an Italian organisation that works to further the social integration of young people with learning disabilities.Â In 2009, Campbell became a goodwill ambassador for theÂ White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood. She has since joined the charity’s patron,Â Sarah Brown, the wife of former British prime ministerÂ Gordon Brown, on several missions to promote maternal health.
Campbell has received recognition for her charitable work. In 2007, she was named an ambassador of Rio de Janeiro by mayorÂ Cesar MaiaÂ in recognition of her efforts to fight poverty in Brazil.Â In 2009, she was awarded Honorary Patronage ofÂ Trinity College‘sÂ University Philosophical SocietyÂ for her charitable and professional work.Â In 2010, Sarah Brown presented her with an “Outstanding Contribution” award from BritishÂ ElleÂ for her work as an ambassador for the White Ribbon Alliance, as well as her work in the fashion industry.
Campbell has been convicted of assault on four occasions, after she was accused 11 times of committing acts of violence against employees, associates and other individuals between 1998 and 2009. During the first such case, heard in February 2000, Campbell pleaded guilty in Toronto to assaulting her personal assistant with a mobile phone in September 1998. Campbell paid her former employee an undisclosed sum and agreed to attendÂ anger managementÂ classes; her record was cleared in exchange for her expressing remorse.Â By 2006, eight other employees and associates had come forward with claims of abuse.Â During this time, Campbell was photographed wearing aÂ Chip and PepperÂ T-shirt that read “Naomi Hit Me…and I Loved It”.
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In January 2007, Campbell pleaded guilty in New York to assaulting her former housekeeper, who had accused Campbell of throwing aÂ BlackBerryÂ personal organiser at her in March 2006. Campbell was sentenced to pay her former employee’s medical expenses, attend an anger management program, and perform five days of community service withÂ New York’s sanitation department.Â She attended her community service wearing designer outfits, including fedoras, furs andâ€”upon completion of her sentenceâ€”a silver-sequined $300,000Â Dolce & GabbanaÂ gown.Â Campbell detailed her community service experience in aÂ WÂ feature titled “The Naomi Diaries”, and subsequently spoofed herself in aÂ Dunkin’ DonutsÂ commercial, directed byÂ Zach Braff, which showed her breaking her heel while gardening and throwing it through a window.
In June 2008, Campbell pleaded guilty to assaulting two police officers atÂ London Heathrow AirportÂ two months earlier; she had kicked and spat at the officers following an argument about her lost luggage. She was sentenced to 200 hours of community service and fined Â£2,300,Â and was banned for life fromÂ British Airways.Â In July 2015, Campbell was sentenced to six months’ probation by a Sicilian court for her August 2009 assault on a paparazzo photographer; she had hit him with her handbag for taking pictures of her and her then-partner.
Blood diamond scandal
In August 2010, Campbell made a highly publicised appearance at a war crimes trial against former Liberian presidentÂ Charles TaylorÂ at theÂ Special Court for Sierra LeoneÂ inÂ Leidschendam. She was called to give evidence on a “blood diamond” she allegedly received from Taylor during aÂ Nelson Mandela Children’s FundÂ function in 1997.Â Campbell initially refused to testify, andâ€”after being subpoenaedâ€”told the court that being there was “a big inconvenience” for her.Â She testified that she was given “dirty-looking” stones late at night by two unidentified men,Â and claimed she did not know the diamonds had originated from Taylor until being told so the next morning by a fellow attendee, actressÂ Mia Farrow. However, her account was contradicted by testimonies from Farrow, her former agentÂ Carole WhiteÂ and former Children’s Fund director Jeremy Ratcliffe.
Campbell, who has never met her biological father, regards record producersÂ Quincy JonesÂ andÂ Chris BlackwellÂ as adopted father figures.Â Former South African presidentÂ Nelson MandelaÂ referred to Campbell as his “honorary granddaughter”.Â She first met Mandela in November 1994, after his party, theÂ African National Congress, invited her to travel to South Africa to meet with their leader.Â She had previously donated the proceeds from a photo shoot in Tanzania to the ANC.Â Over the years, Campbell has lent support to many of Mandela’s political campaigns and humanitarian causes.Â She also regarded Tunisian designerÂ Azzedine AlaÃ¯a, whom she met at 16, as her “papa”.
In 1993, she became engaged toÂ U2Â bassistÂ Adam Clayton. They met in February of that year, after Clayton, when asked in an interview if there was anything in the world he desired but did not have, responded: “A date with Naomi Campbell”. Campbell and Clayton separated the following year.Â In 1998, she became engaged toÂ Formula OneÂ racing headÂ Flavio Briatore; they were involved in an on-again-off-again relationship until their separation in 2003.Â Campbell now considers Briatore her “mentor”.Â From 2008 until 2013, she was in a relationship with Russian businessmanÂ Vladislav Doronin.
Drug addiction and rehab
In 1999, Campbell entered rehab after a five-yearÂ cocaineÂ drug addiction andÂ alcohol addiction. Of her choice to first use the drug in 1994, Campbell said in 2005, “I was having fun. I was living this life of travelling the world and having people just give you anything. [But] the little glow in your face goes….It’s a very nasty drug.”
In 2002, Campbell successfully claimed a breach of confidence against theÂ Daily Mirror, after the newspaper published a report of her drug addiction, including a photograph of her leaving aÂ Narcotics AnonymousÂ meeting.Â TheÂ High CourtÂ ordered Â£3,500 in damages from theÂ Daily Mirror. Later that year the ruling was overturned by theÂ Court of Appeal, which ordered Campbell to pay the newspaper’s Â£350,000 legal costs,Â but in 2004 theÂ House of LordsÂ reinstated the High Court ruling and damages.
In her YouTube series, Campbell mentioned that she has quit smoking.
|1999||Naomi Campbell||Ursula Wandel|||
|Naomi Campbell Shine & GlimmerÂ (limited edition)|||
|Naomi Campbell Light Edition|||
|2005||Paradise Passion||Francoise Caron|||
|2006||Winter KissÂ (limited edition)|||
|Cat Deluxe||Michael Almairac|||
|2006||Cat Deluxe Silver|||
|2007||Eternal BeautyÂ (limited edition)|||
|Cat Deluxe at Night|||
|2009||Cat Deluxe With Kisses|||
|2011||Naomi Campbell Wild Pearl|||
|2012||Naomi Campbell at Night|||
|2013||Queen of Gold|||
|PrÃªt Ã Porter|||
|2017||PrÃªt Ã Porter Silk Collection|||
|PrÃªt Ã Porter Absolute Velvet|||
- 1994:Â Swan
- 1994:Â Top Model
- 1996:Â Naomi
- 2016:Â Naomi Campbell
- 1991: “Cool as Ice (Everybody Get Loose)“Â (Vanilla IceÂ featuring Naomi Campbell)
- 1994: “Love and Tears”
- 1994: “I Want to Live”
- 1996: “La La La Love Song“Â (Toshinobu KubotaÂ featuring Naomi Campbell)
|1991||Cool as Ice||Singer at First Club|
|1993||The Night We Never Met||French cheese shopper|
|To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar||Girl at China Bowl restaurant|
|Anyone for Pennis?||Herself||TV movie|
|1996||Girl 6||Girl #75|
|Invasion of Privacy||Cindy Carmichael|
|1997||An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn||Attendant #2|
|Prisoner of Love||Tracy|
|2002||Ali G Indahouse||Herself|
|Monstrous Bosses and How to Be One|
|2004||Fat Slags||Sales assistant|
|2006||The Call||Dark Angel â€“ The Evil||Short film, online only|
|2009||Karma Aur Holi||Jennifer|
|2018||I Feel Pretty||Helen|
|1991||Models: The Film||Herself|
|1992||Top Models: Once Upon a Time|
|1993||U2: Love Is Blindness||Short|
|1996||E! True Hollywood Story||TV series|
|2001||Miss Universe 2001||Host|
|2006||Oprah Winfrey’s Legends Ball|
Music video appearances
|1978||“Is This Love“||Bob Marley and the Wailers||Unknown|
|1983||“I’ll Tumble 4 Ya“||Culture Club|
|1990||“Freedom! ’90“||George Michael||David Fincher|
|1991||“Everyday People“||Aretha Franklin||Unknown|
|1992||“In the Closet“||Michael Jackson||Herb Ritts|
|2003||“Change Clothes“||Jay-ZÂ (feat.Â Pharrell)||Chris Robinson|
|2011||“Girl Panic!”||Duran Duran||Jonas Ã…kerlund|
|2016||“Drone Bomb Me“||Anohni||Nabil Elderkin|