Mercedes-BenzÂ (German:Â [mÉ›ÉÌ¯ËˆtseËdÉ™sËŒbÉ›nts, -dÉ›s-])Â is a German global automobile marque and a division ofÂ Daimler AG. Mercedes-Benz is known forÂ luxury vehicles,Â vans,Â trucks,Â buses,Â coachesÂ andÂ ambulances. The headquarters is inÂ Stuttgart,Â Baden-WÃ¼rttemberg. The name first appeared in 1926 underÂ Daimler-Benz. In 2018, Mercedes-Benz was the largest seller of premium vehicles in the world, having sold 2.31 million passenger cars.
Mercedes-Benz origins’ come fromÂ Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft‘s 1901Â MercedesÂ andÂ Karl Benz‘s 1886Â Benz Patent-Motorwagen, which is widely regarded as the first internal combustion engine in a self-propelledÂ automobile. The fuel was not gasoline, it was a much more volatile petroleum spirit with several names including ligrane/ligrain/ligroin. This was used as a degreaser, spot remover, paint thinner, etc. and was so quick to burn or explode, it was not stored inside. The slogan for the brand is “the best or nothing”.
Mercedes-Benz traces its origins toÂ Karl Benz‘s creation of the first internal combustion engine in a car, theÂ Benz Patent Motorwagen, financed byÂ Bertha BenzÂ doweryÂ and patented in January 1886,Â andÂ Gottlieb DaimlerÂ and engineerÂ Wilhelm Maybach‘s conversion of a stagecoach by the addition of a petrol engine later that year. TheÂ MercedesÂ automobile was first marketed in 1901 by Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (Daimler Motors Corporation).
Emil Jellinek, a European automobile entrepreneur who worked with DMG, created the trademark in 1902, naming the 1901 Mercedes 35Â hp after his daughterÂ Mercedes Jellinek. Jellinek was a businessman and marketing strategist who promoted “horseless” Daimler automobiles among the highest circles of society in his adopted home, which, at that time, was a meeting place for the “Haute VolÃ©e” of France and Europe, especially in winter. His customers included the Rothschild family and other well-known personalities. But Jellinek’s plans went further: as early as 1901, he was selling Mercedes cars in the New World as well, including US billionaires Rockefeller, Astor, Morgan, and Taylor. At a race in Nice in 1899, Jellinek drove under the pseudonym “Monsieur MercÃ©dÃ¨s”, a way of concealing the competitor’s real name as was normal and very regularly done in those days. The race ranks as the hour of birth of the Mercedes-Benz brand. In 1901, the name “Mercedes” was registered by Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) worldwide as a protected trademark.Â The first Mercedes-BenzÂ brand nameÂ vehicles were produced in 1926, following the merger of Karl Benz’s and Gottlieb Daimler’s companies into the Daimler-Benz company on 28 June of the same year.
Gottlieb Daimler was born on 17 March 1834 in Schorndorf. After training as a gunsmith and working in France, he attended the Polytechnic School in Stuttgart from 1857 to 1859. After completing various technical activities in France and England, he started working as a draftsman in Geislingen in 1862. At the end of 1863, he was appointed workshop inspector in a machine tool factory in Reutlingen, where he met Wilhelm Maybach in 1865.
Throughout the 1930s, Mercedes-Benz produced theÂ 770Â model, a car that was popular during Germany’sÂ NaziÂ period.Â Adolf HitlerÂ was known to have driven these cars during his time in power, withÂ bulletproofÂ windshields.Â Most of the surviving models have been sold at auctions to private buyers. One of them is currently on display at theÂ War MuseumÂ inÂ Ottawa,Â Ontario. The pontiff’sÂ PopemobileÂ has often been sourced from Mercedes-Benz.Â In 1944, 46,000 forced labourers were used in Daimler-Benz’s factories to bolster Nazi war efforts. The company later paid $12 million in reparations to the labourers’ families.Â Mercedes-Benz has introduced many technological and safetyÂ innovationsÂ that later became common in other vehicles.Â Mercedes-Benz is one of the best-known and established automotive brands in the world.
For information relating to the famous three-pointed star, see under the titleÂ Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft, including the merger into Daimler-Benz.
Subsidiaries and alliances
Mercedes-AMGÂ became a majority owned division of Mercedes-Benz in 1999.Â The company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999,Â and became Mercedes-Benz AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.
Daimler’s ultra-luxury brandÂ MaybachÂ was under Mercedes-Benz cars division until December 2012, when the production stopped due to poor sales volumes.Â It now exists under the Mercedes-Maybach name, with the models being ultra-luxury versions of Mercedes cars, such as the 2016 Mercedes-Maybach S600.Â In November 2019, the Mercedes-Maybach GLS 600 SUV debuted.
Daimler cooperates withÂ BYD AutoÂ to make and sell a battery-electric car calledÂ DenzaÂ in China.Â In 2016, Daimler announced plans to sell Mercedes-Benz branded all-electric battery cars in China.Â Beijing BenzÂ is a joint venture withÂ BAIC GroupÂ to produce Mercedes-Benz branded cars in China.Â In 2018, Mercedes-Benz apologized for inciting controversy in China by quoting theÂ Dalai LamaÂ on an Instagram post.
Beside its native Germany, Mercedes-Benz vehicles are also manufactured or assembled in:
|Algeria||Africa||Manufactures buses and trucks in cooperation withÂ SNVIÂ (Actros,Â Zetros,Â Unimog, andÂ G-Class,Â Sprinter).|
|Argentina||South America||Manufactures buses, trucks, the Vito and the Sprinter van. This is the first Mercedes-Benz factory outside of Germany. Built in 1951.|
|Australia||Australia||Various models were assembled at theÂ Australian Motor IndustriesÂ facility inÂ Port MelbourneÂ from 1959 to 1965.|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Europe|
|Brazil||South America||Manufactures trucks and buses. Established in 1956. The A-Class (W168) was produced from 1999 to 2005 and the C-Class was produced until 2010 as well.|
|Canada||North America||Fuel cell plant inÂ Burnaby,Â British Columbia, opened 2012.|
|Colombia||South America||Assembly of buses, Established inÂ SoachaÂ 2012 andÂ FunzaÂ 2015|
|Egypt||Africa||ViaÂ Egyptian German Automotive CompanyÂ E-Class, C-Class and GLK|
|Finland||Europe||Valmet Automotive, New A-series (W176) is manufactured inÂ UusikaupunkiÂ since late 2013, being the first M-B passenger car ever built in that country.|
|Hungary||Europe||Manufacturing plant inÂ KecskemÃ©t, making B-class and CLA.|
|Jordan||Asia||Bus company factory, Elba House, Amman.|
|India||Asia||Bangalore (MBRDI), Pune (Passenger cars).Â Chennai (Daimler India Commercial Vehicles Pvt. Ltd.) Buses, Trucks & Engine Manufacturing unit.|
|Indonesia||Asia /Â Australia||Manufactures E250 Avantgarde and E300AMG E-class vehicles.|
|Malaysia||Asia||Assembly of C, E and S class vehicles byÂ DRB-HICOM.|
|Mexico||North America||Mercedes-Benz Mexico fully manufactures some Mercedes and Daimler vehicles completely from locally built parts (C-Class, E-Class, M-Class, International trucks,Â Axor,Â Atego, and Mercedes Buses), manufactures other models in complete knock down kits (CL-Class, CLK-Class, SL-Class, SLK-Class) and manufactures a select number of models in semi knockdown kits which use both imported components and locally sourced Mexican components (S-Class, CLS-Class, R-Class, GL-Class, Sprinter).|
|Nigeria||Africa||Assembly of buses, trucks, utility motors and the Sprinter van|
|Russia||Eurasia||Joint venture Mercedes-Benz Car Trucks Vostok inÂ Naberezhnye ChelnyÂ (jointlyÂ Kamaz). Available in trucksÂ Actros,Â Axor, multi-purpose auto four wheel drive medium trucksÂ Unimog. Mercedes-Benz Sprinter Classic is also produced in Russia.|
|Serbia||Europe||FAPÂ produces Mercedes-Benz trucks under license.|
|Spain||Europe||Factory atÂ Vitoria-GasteizÂ Mercedes-Benz Vito, Viano and V-Class have been built there.|
|South Africa||Africa||The assembly plant is located in East London, in the Eastern Cape province, where both right and left hand versions of the C-class are built.|
|South Korea||Asia||Mercedes-BenzÂ MussoÂ andÂ MB100;Â Ssangyong RextonÂ models manufactured byÂ SsangYong Motor Company.|
|Taiwan||Asia||Assembly ofÂ ActrosÂ by the Shung Ye Group|
|Thailand||Asia||Completely Knocked Down (CKD) production of C, E, S Classes and Semi-Knocked Down (SKD) production of CLA, GLA, C-coupe, C43 AMG, GLC, GLC-coupe, GLC-coupe 43 AMG, GLE and CLS.Â It has been unofficially regarded as the largest Mercedes-Benz factory by number of class produced under one roof. The factory is operated by contract manufacture the Thonburi Group|
|Turkey||Eurasia||Mercedes-Benz TÃ¼rk A.Åž.|
|United Kingdom||Europe||TheÂ SLRÂ sports car was built at theÂ McLaren Technology CentreÂ inÂ Woking.Â Brackley, Northamptonshire, is home to theÂ Mercedes Grand PrixÂ factory, andÂ Brixworth, Northamptonshire is the location ofÂ Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines|
|United States||North America||The Mercedes-Benz GLE-Class Sport Utility, the full-sized GL-Class Luxury Sport Utility and theÂ Mercedes-Benz C-ClassÂ vehicles are all built at theÂ Mercedes-Benz U.S. InternationalÂ production facility nearÂ Tuscaloosa, Alabama.Â Trucks (6,000 per year in the early eighties) were once assembled inÂ Hampton, Virginia.|
|Vietnam||Asia||Assembly of E-Class, C-Class, S-Class, GLK-Class and Sprinter. Established in 1995.|
Since its inception, Mercedes-Benz has maintained a reputation for its quality and durability. Objective measures looking atÂ passenger vehicles, such asÂ J. D. PowerÂ surveys, demonstrated a downturn in reputation in these criteria in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By mid-2005, Mercedes temporarily returned to the industry average for initial quality, a measure of problems after the first 90Â days of ownership, according to J. D. Power.Â In J. D. Power’s Initial Quality Study for the first quarter of 2007, Mercedes showed dramatic improvement by climbing from 25th to 5th place and earning several awards for its models.Â For 2008, Mercedes-Benz’s initial quality rating improved by yet another mark, to fourth place.Â On top of this accolade, it also received the Platinum Plant Quality Award for its Mercedesâ€™ Sindelfingen, Germany assembly plant.Â J. D. Power’s 2011 US Initial Quality and Vehicle Dependability Studies both ranked Mercedes-Benz vehicles above average in build quality and reliability.Â In the 2011 UK J. D. Power Survey, Mercedes cars were rated above average.Â A 2014Â iSeeCars.comÂ study for Reuters found Mercedes to have the lowest vehicle recall rate.
Current model range
Mercedes-Benz offers a full range of passenger, light commercial and heavy commercial equipment. Vehicles are manufactured in multiple countries worldwide. TheÂ SmartÂ marqueÂ ofÂ city carsÂ are also produced by Daimler AG.
- A-ClassÂ â€“ Subcompact luxuryÂ HatchbackÂ /Â Sedan
- B-ClassÂ â€“ Subcompact luxuryÂ Multi Purpose VehicleÂ (MPV)
- C-ClassÂ â€“ Compact executiveÂ Sedan/Saloon,Â Estate,Â CoupÃ©Â andÂ Cabriolet
- CLAÂ â€“ Subcompact luxury 4 Door CoupÃ© and Estate
- CLSÂ â€“ Mid-size luxury 4 Door CoupÃ© and Estate
- E-ClassÂ â€“ Executive Sedan/Saloon, Estate, CoupÃ© andÂ Cabriolet
- G-ClassÂ â€“ Mid-size luxuryÂ Sports Utility VehicleÂ (SUV)
- GLAÂ â€“ Subcompact luxury Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
- GLBÂ â€“ Compact luxuryÂ Crossover
- GLCÂ â€“ Compact luxury Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
- GLEÂ â€“ Mid-size luxury Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
- GLSÂ â€“ Full-size luxury Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
- S-ClassÂ â€“ Full-size luxury Sedan/Saloon, CoupÃ© & Cabriolet
- SLÂ â€“ Grand Tourer
- SLCÂ â€“Â Roadster
- V-ClassÂ â€“ Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)/ Van
- AMG GTÂ â€“ Sports car
- AMG GT4Â â€“ Sports Sedan/Saloon
- X-ClassÂ – Luxury Pickup Truck
Mercedes-Benz Trucks is now part of the Daimler Trucks division and includes companies that were part of the DaimlerChrysler merger. Gottlieb Daimler sold the world’s first truck in 1886.Â The first factory to be built outside Germany after WWII was in Argentina. It originally built trucks, many of which were modified independently to buses, popularly namedÂ Colectivo. Today, it builds buses, trucks, the Vito and the Sprinter van.
Mercedes-Benz has been makingÂ busesÂ since 1895 inÂ MannheimÂ in Germany. Since 1995, the brand ofÂ Mercedes-Benz busesÂ and coaches is under the umbrella ofÂ EvoBusÂ GmbH, belonging 100% to theÂ Daimler AG. Mercedes-Benz produces a wide range of buses and coaches, mainly for Europe and Asia. The first model was produced by Karl Benz in 1895.
Significant models produced
- 1928:Â SSK racing car
- 1930:Â 770 “GroÃŸer Mercedes” state and ceremonial car
- 1934:Â 500 K
- 1936:Â 260 D World’s first diesel production car
- 1936:Â 170
- 1938:Â W125 Record-breaking experimental
- 1939:Â 320A
- 1951:Â 300, known as the “Adenauer Mercedes”
- 1953:Â “Ponton” models
- 1954:Â 300SL “Gullwing”
- 1956:Â 190SL
- 1959:Â “Fintail” models
- 1960:Â 220SE Cabriolet
- 1963:Â 600 “Grand Mercedes”
- 1963:Â 230SL “Pagoda”
- 1965:Â S-Class
- 1966:Â 300SEL 6.3
- 1968:Â W114 “new generation” compact cars
- 1969:Â C111 experimental vehicle
- 1972:Â W107 350SL
- 1974:Â 450SEL 6.9
- 1977:Â W123– Mercedes’ first station wagon
- 1978:Â 300SDÂ – Mercedes’ first turbo diesel
- 1979:Â 500SELÂ andÂ G-Class
- 1983:Â 190E 2.3â€“16
- 1989:Â 300SL, 500SL
- 1990:Â 500E
- 1991:Â 600SEL
- 1993:Â C-Class
- 1995:Â C43 AMG
- 1995:Â SL73 AMG, 7.3Â V12
- 1996:Â SLK
- 1997:Â A-ClassÂ andÂ M-Class
- 2004:Â SLR McLarenÂ andÂ CLS-Class
- 2007:Â BlueTecÂ E320, GL320 Bluetec, ML320 Bluetec, R320 Bluetec
- 2010:Â SLS AMG
- 2013:Â CLA-Class
- 2016:Â AMG GT
Until 1994, Mercedes-Benz utilized an alphanumeric system for categorizing their vehicles, consisting of a number sequence approximately equal to the engine’s displacement in liters multiplied by 100, followed by an arrangement of alphabetical suffixes, indicating body style and engine type.
- “C” indicates a coupe or cabriolet body style (for example, the CL and CLK models, though the C-Class is an exception, since it is also available as a sedan or station wagon).
- “D” indicates the vehicle is equipped with a diesel engine.
- “E” (for “Einspritzung”) indicates the vehicle’s engine is equipped with petrolÂ fuel injection. Also used for electric models and plug-in hybrids.
- “G” was originally used for theÂ GelÃ¤ndewagenÂ off-road vehicle, but is now applied to Mercedes SUVs in general (G, GLA, GLC, GLE, and GLS).
- “K” was used in the 1930s, indicating a supercharger (“Kompressor”) equipped engine. Three exceptionsÂ : the SLK, SSK and CLK, where K indicates “Kurz” (short-wheelbase) (though the SLKÂ and SSK had a supercharger).
- “L” indicates “Leicht” (lightweight) for sporting models and “Lang” (long-wheelbase) for sedan models.
- “R” indicates “Rennen” (racing), used for racing cars (for example, theÂ 300SLR).
- “S” Sonderklasse “Special class” for flagship models, including the S-Class, and SL-Class, SLR McLaren, and SLS sports cars.
- “T” indicates “Touring” and an estate (or station wagon) body style.
Some models in the 1950s also had lower-case letters (b, c, and d) to indicate specific trim levels. For other models, the numeric part of the designation does not match the engine displacement. This was done to show the model’s position in the model range independent of displacement or in the price matrix. For these vehicles, the actual displacement in litres is suffixed to the model designation. An exception was theÂ 190-classÂ with the numeric designation of “190” as to denote its entry-level in the model along with the displacement label on the right side of the boot (190E 2.3 for 2.3-litre 4-cylinder petrol motor, 190D 2.5 for 2.5-litre 5-cylinder diesel motor, and so forth). Some older models (such as the SS and SSK) did not have a number as part of the designation at all.
For the 1994 model year, Mercedes-Benz revised the naming system. Models were divided into “classes” denoted by an arrangement of up to three letters (see “Current model range” above), followed by a three-digit (or two-digit for AMG models, with the number approximately equal to the displacement in litres multiplied by 10) number related to the engine displacement as before. Variants of the same model such as an estate version or a vehicle with a diesel engine are no longer given a separate letter. The SLR and SLS supercars do not carry a numerical designation.
Today, many numerical designations no longer reflect the engine’s actual displacement, but more of the relative performance and marketing position. Despite its engine displacement in two litres, the powerplant in the A45 AMG produces 355 brake horsepower so the designation is higher as to indicate the greater performance. Another example is the E250 CGI having greater performance than the E200 CGI due to the different engine tuning even though both have 1.8-litre engines. From the marketing perspective, E200 seems more “upscale” than E180. Recent AMG models use the “63” designation (in honor of the 1960s 6.3-litreÂ M100Â engine) despite being equipped with either a 6.2-litre (M156), a 5.5-litre (M157) or even a 4.0-litre engine.
Some models carry further designations indicating special features:
- “4MATIC” indicates the vehicle is equipped withÂ all-wheel-drive.
- “BlueTEC” indicates a diesel engine withÂ selective catalytic reductionÂ exhaust aftertreatment.
- “BlueEFFICIENCY” indicates special fuel economy features (direct injection,Â start-stop system, aerodynamic modifications, etc.)
- “CGI” (Charged Gasoline Injection) indicatesÂ direct gasoline injection.
- “CDI” (Common-rail Direct Injection) indicates aÂ common-railÂ diesel engine.
- “Hybrid” indicates a petrol- or diesel-electricÂ hybrid.
- “NGT” indicates a natural gas-fueled engine.
- “Kompressor” indicates aÂ superchargedÂ engine.
- “Turbo” indicates aÂ turbochargedÂ engine, only used on A-, B-,E- and GLK-Class models.
- “AMG Line” indicates the interior or engine, depending which car, has been fitted with the luxuries of their AMG sports cars
Model designation badges can be removed at the request of the customer.
2015 and beyond
Rationalisation of the model nomenclature was announced in November 2014 for future models.Â The changes consolidate many confusing nomenclature and their placements in the model range such as CL-Class is now called the S-Class CoupÃ©. The naming structure is divided into four categories: core, off-road vehicle/SUV, 4-door coupÃ©, and roadster.Â AMG GT, andÂ V-ClassÂ are unaffected by the change. In October 2016, Mercedes unveiled the X-Class; aÂ pickup truckÂ built on theÂ Nissan Navara.Â At theÂ 2016 Paris Motor Show, the company announced theÂ EQ, a family of upcomingÂ battery electric vehiclesÂ based on a modularÂ platform, expected to represent up to 25% of its global sales by 2025.
|Core||Off-Road Vehicles/SUV||4-Door CoupÃ©||Roadster|
Note: The CLA is positioned between the A- and B-Class models, while the CLS sits between the E- and S-Classes.
In addition to the revised nomenclature, Mercedes-Benz has new nomenclature for the drive systems.
|Natural Gas Drive||c for “compressed natural gas”||B 200 c|
|BlueTecCDI||d for “diesel”||E 350 dGLA 200 d|
|PLUG-IN HYBRIDElectric Drive||e for “electric”||S 500 eB 250 e|
|Fuel Cell||f for “fuel cell”||B 200 f|
|HYBRIDBlueTEC HYBRID||h for “hybrid”||S 400 hE 300 h|
|4MATIC||4MATIC (4-wheel drive)||E 400 4MATIC|
The revised A45 AMG for 2016 model year on has shifted the model designation to the right side while AMG is on the left side.Â This trend commenced with Mercedes-Maybach with MAYBACH on the left and S500/S600 on the right.
Mercedes-Benz has developed multi-concept carsÂ with alternative propulsion, such as hybrid-electric, fully electric, and fuel-cellÂ powertrains. At the 2007Â Frankfurt motor show, Mercedes-Benz showed seven hybrid models, including the F700Â concept car, powered by a hybrid-electric drivetrain featuring theÂ DiesOttoÂ engine.Â In 2009, Mercedes-Benz displayed threeÂ BlueZEROÂ concepts at theÂ North American International Auto Show. Each car features a different powertrain – battery-electric, fuel-cell electric, and gasoline-electric hybrid.Â In the same year, Mercedes also showed the Vision S500 PHEV concept with a 19 miles (31Â km)Â all-electric rangeÂ andÂ CO
2Â emissionsÂ of 74Â grams/km in theÂ New European Driving Cycle.
Since 2002, Mercedes-Benz has developed theÂ F-CellÂ fuel cell vehicle. The current version, based on the B-Class, has a 250-mile range and is available for lease, with volume production scheduled to begin in 2014. Mercedes has also announced theÂ SLS AMG E-Cell, a fully electric version of the SLS sports car, with deliveries expected in 2013.Â TheÂ Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHYBRIDÂ was launched in 2009, and is the first production automotive hybrid in the world to use aÂ lithium-ion battery.Â In mid-2010, production commenced on theÂ Vito E-CellÂ all-electric van. Mercedes expects 100 vehicles to be produced by the end of 2010 and a further 2000 by the end of 2011.
In 2008, Mercedes-Benz announced that it would have a demonstration fleet of small electric cars in two to three years.Â Mercedes-Benz and Smart are preparing for the widespread uptake of electric vehicles (EVs) in the UK by beginning the installation ofÂ recharging pointsÂ across theirÂ dealerÂ networks. So far 20Â ElektrobayÂ recharging units, produced in the UK by Brighton-basedÂ Elektromotive, have been installed at seven locations as part of a pilot project, and further expansion of the initiative is planned later in 2010.
In the United States, Mercedes-Benz was assessed a record US$30.66Â million fine for their decision to not meet the federalÂ corporate average fuel economyÂ standard in 2009.Â Certain Mercedes-Benz cars, including the S550 and all AMG models sold in the United States, also face an additionalÂ gas guzzler tax.Â However, newer AMG models fitted with theÂ M157Â engine will not be subject to the gas-guzzler tax, due to improved fuel economy,Â and newer models powered by theÂ M276Â andÂ M278Â engines will have better fuel economy. In 2008, Mercedes also had the worstÂ CO
2Â average of all major European manufacturers, ranking 14th out of 14 manufacturers.Â Mercedes was also the worst manufacturer in 2007 and 2006 in terms of averageÂ CO
2Â levels, with 181Â g and 188Â g ofÂ CO
2Â emitted per km, respectively.
Mercedes-Benz paid an additional US$38 million for failing to meet its CAFE standards for model years 2008â€“2011.
Mercedes is to open its sixth battery factory in 2018, which makes it a tough competitor toÂ Tesla, Inc.Â The six factories will be established across 3 continents.
The brand has also planned to launch its electric EQ brand with theÂ EQCÂ SUV being set for production in the year 2019. In September 2018, Mercedes unveiled the EQC, its first fully electric car, at an event in Stockholm.
2022 will be the year in which Daimler has said that the company will have invested $11 billion to ensure that every Mercedes-Benz has a fully electric or hybrid version available on the market.
While releasing details of the project, Markus SchÃ¤fer said,
“Our electric vehicles will be built in six plants on three continents. We address every market segment: from the smart fortwo seater, to the large SUV. The battery is the key component of e-mobility. As batteries are the heart of our electric vehicles we put a great emphasis on building them in our own factories. With our global battery network we are in an excellent position: As we are close to our vehicle plants we can ensure the optimal supply of production. In case of a short-term high demand in another part of the world our battery factories are also well prepared for export. The electric initiative of Mercedes-Benz Cars is right on track. Our global production network is ready for e-mobility. We are electrifying the future.”Â AfterÂ AudiÂ declared that it would cut more than 9,000 jobs by 2025, theÂ owner of Mercedes-BenzÂ announced that the company will shed around 10,000 jobs worldwide to focus on electric cars.
The two companies which were merged to form theÂ Mercedes-BenzÂ brand in 1926 had both already enjoyed success in the new sport ofÂ motor racingÂ throughout their separate histories. A single Benz competed in the world’s first motor race, theÂ 1894 Parisâ€“Rouen, where Ã‰mile Roger finished 14th in 10 hours 1 minute. Throughout its long history, the company has been involved in a range of motorsport activities, includingÂ sports car racingÂ andÂ rallying. On several occasions, Mercedes-Benz has withdrawn completely from motorsport for a significant period, notably in the late 1930s, and after theÂ 1955 Le Mans disaster, where aÂ Mercedes-Benz 300 SLRÂ rammed another car (An Austin-Healey), took off into the stands, and killed more than 80 spectators.Â Stirling MossÂ and co-driverÂ Denis JenkinsonÂ made history by winning the 1955Â Mille MigliaÂ road race in Italy during a record-breaking drive with an average speed of almost 98Â mph in aÂ Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR.
Although there was some activity in the intervening years, it was not until 1987 that Mercedes-Benz returned to front line competition, returning to Le Mans,Â Deutsche Tourenwagen MeisterschaftÂ (DTM), andÂ Formula OneÂ withÂ Sauber. The 1990s saw Mercedes-Benz purchase British engine builderÂ IlmorÂ (nowÂ Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines), and campaignÂ IndyCarsÂ under theÂ USAC/CARTÂ rules, eventually winning theÂ 1994 Indianapolis 500Â andÂ 1994 CART IndyCar World SeriesÂ Championship withÂ Al Unser, Jr.Â at the wheel. The 1990s also saw the return of Mercedes-Benz to GT racing, and theÂ Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR, both of which took the company to new heights by dominating the FIA’s GT1 class.
Mercedes-Benz took part in the world championship in 1954 and 1955, but despite being successful with two championship titles forÂ Juan-Manuel Fangio,Â the company left the sport after just two seasons.
Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in the 1990s and part-ownedÂ Team McLarenÂ for some years, to which it has supplied engines engineered byÂ IlmorÂ since 1995. This partnership brought success, including drivers championships forÂ Mika HÃ¤kkinenÂ in 1998 and 1999, and forÂ Lewis HamiltonÂ in 2008, as well as a constructors championship in 1998. The collaboration with McLaren had been extended into the production of road-going cars such as theÂ Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren.
In 2007, McLaren-Mercedes was fined a record US$100Â million for stealing confidential Ferrari technical data.
In 2009,Â Ross Brawn‘s newly conceived Formula One team,Â Brawn GPÂ used Mercedes engines to help win the constructor’s championship, andÂ Jenson ButtonÂ to become champion in the F1 drivers’ championship. At the end of the season, Mercedes-Benz sold its 40% stake in McLaren to the McLaren Group and bought 70% of the Brawn GP team jointly with anÂ Abu Dhabi-based investment consortium. Brawn GP has renamedÂ Mercedes GPÂ for the 2010 season and is, from this season on, a works team for Mercedes-Benz. As of 2017, the company currently provides engines toÂ Williams Martini RacingÂ andÂ Sahara Force India F1 Team.
InÂ 2014, Mercedes clinched its firstÂ Formula One Constructor’s titleÂ with driversÂ Lewis HamiltonÂ andÂ Nico RosbergÂ with three races to go, after dominating much of the season. Mercedes repeated its dominance inÂ 2015, winning 16 out of 19 races, and again inÂ 2016, winning 19 of the 21 races. In the next three years, Mercedes continued their success by winning Constructors’ Championships inÂ 2017,Â 2018Â andÂ 2019Â for a total of six consecutive titles.Â In these six years, Hamilton won theÂ Formula One Drivers’ ChampionshipÂ in 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018 and 2019 while Rosberg won in 2016.Â Mercedes has won both the Constructors’ and Drivers’ Championships for every year from 2014 to 2019. They are the only Formula One team to ever win six consecutive “double-championships”.
Prior to pre-season testing of the 2019-20 Formula E Championship, it was announced that Mercedes, through its EQ branch, would join the championship with driversÂ Stoffel VandoorneÂ andÂ 2019 FIA Formula 2 seasonÂ championÂ Nyck De Vries. The team named theirÂ Spark Gen2Â challenger the Mercedes EQ Silver Arrow 01.
In June 1909, Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) registered both a three-pointed and a four-pointed star as trademarks, but only the three-pointed star was used. To DMG, the star symbolized Gottlieb Daimler’s aims for universal motorization: on land, water and in the air.
- Paul BracqÂ â€“ major designer of automobiles in the 20th century
- Adolf DaimlerÂ â€“ chief engineer,Â COOÂ and member of the board of directors 1899â€“1913. Son of Gottlieb Daimler and developer of the brand logo.
- BÃ©la BarÃ©nyiÂ â€“ car safety pioneer (rigid passenger safety shell), joined Daimler-Benz in 1937
- Wilhelm MaybachÂ â€“ automotive pioneer, first met Gottlieb Daimler in 1865
- Ferdinand PorscheÂ â€“ founder of Porsche, joined Mercedes in 1923 and developed theÂ KompressorÂ 
- Bruno SaccoÂ â€“ joined Daimler-Benz as a designer in 1958. Head of Design in 1975, retired in 1999
- Rudolf UhlenhautÂ â€“ joined Daimler-Benz in 1931, his designs included theÂ Silver Arrows, theÂ 300 SLÂ andÂ 300SLR
- Adolf EichmannÂ â€“ former Nazi criminal. Worked in Argentina’s factory after WWII
- Rudolf CaracciolaÂ â€“ one of the greatest GP drivers in history drove MBÂ Silver ArrowsÂ in competition.
- Josef GanzÂ – Technical consultant and “Godfather” of the *Mercedes-Benz W136, with the revolutionary Independent suspension,Â Swing axleÂ layout.
- Juan Manuel FangioÂ – Five-time Formula 1 World Champion, honorary president of Mercedes-Benz Argentina from 1987 until his death in 1995.
- Michael SchumacherÂ – Seven-timeÂ Formula 1Â World Champion, drove for Mercedes in theÂ World Endurance ChampionshipÂ in the 80s and then in theirÂ Formula One TeamÂ fromÂ 2010Â tillÂ 2012.
- Lewis HamiltonÂ – Six-timeÂ Formula 1Â World Champion, current driver for theirÂ Formula One TeamÂ sinceÂ 2013Â who holds the all-time record for most pole positions (88) and second only to Schumacher in all-time race victories (84). Despite being a Mercedes driver since 2013, Hamilton has competed his entire career using Mercedes engines since 2007 and has been affiliated with Mercedes since he was 13 years old.
- Nico RosbergÂ – 2016Â Formula 1Â World Champion, drove for Mercedes in theirÂ Formula One TeamÂ fromÂ 2010Â tillÂ 2016. Rosberg won all his races and achieved all his pole positions with Mercedes and is currently a brand ambassador for Mercedes.
Numerous technological innovations have been introduced on Mercedes-Benz automobiles throughout the many years of their production, including:
- TheÂ internal combustion engineÂ automobile was developed independently by Benz and Daimler & Maybach in 1886
- Daimler invented the honeycomb radiator of the type still used on all water-cooled vehicles today
- Daimler invented the floatÂ carburetorÂ which was used until replaced byÂ fuel injection
- The “drop chassis” â€“ the car originally designated the “Mercedes” by Daimler was also the first car with a modern configuration, having the carriage lowered and set between the front and rear wheels, with aÂ front engineÂ andÂ powered rear wheels. All earlier cars were “horseless carriages”, which had high centres of gravity and various engine/drive-train configurations
- The first passenger road car to haveÂ brakesÂ on all four wheels (1924)
- In 1936, theÂ Mercedes-Benz 260 DÂ was the first diesel-powered passenger car.
- Mercedes-Benz were the first to offer direct fuel injection on theÂ Mercedes-Benz 300SLÂ Gullwing
- The “safety cage” or “safety cell” construction with front and rearÂ crumple zonesÂ was first developed by Mercedes-Benz in 1951. This is considered by many as the most important innovation in automobile construction from a safety standpoint[verification needed]
- In 1959, Mercedes-Benz patented a device that prevents drive wheels from spinning by intervening at the engine, transmission, or brakes. In 1987, Mercedes-Benz applied for its patent by introducing aÂ traction control systemÂ that worked under both braking and acceleration
- an Anti-Lock Brake system (ABS) was first offered on the W116 450SEL 6.9. They became standard on the W126 S-Class starting production in 1979 and first sold in most markets in 1980.
- AirbagsÂ were first introduced in the European market, beginning with the model year 1981 S-Class.
- Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduce pre-tensioners toÂ seat beltsÂ on the 1981 S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt instantaneously, removing any ‘slack’ in the belt, which prevents the occupant from jerking forward in a crash
- In September 2003, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world’s first seven-speedÂ automatic transmissionÂ called ‘7G-Tronic‘
- Electronic Stability ProgrammeÂ (ESP),Â brake assist,Â and many other types of safety equipment were all developed, tested, and implemented into passenger cars â€“ first â€“ by Mercedes-Benz. Mercedes-Benz has not made a large fuss about its innovations and has even licensed them for use by competitors â€“ in the name of improving automobile and passenger safety. As a result, crumple zones and anti-lock brakes (ABS) are now standard on all modern vehicles.[verification needed]
- TheÂ (W211) E320 CDIÂ which has aÂ variable geometry turbochargerÂ (VGT) 3.0-litreÂ V6Â common railÂ diesel engine (producing 224Â hp or 167Â kW), set three worldÂ enduranceÂ records. It covered 100,000 miles (160,000Â km) in a record time, with an average speed of 224.823Â km/h (139.70Â mph). Three identical cars did the endurance run (one set above record) and the other two cars set world records for time taken to cover 100,000 kilometres (62,137Â mi) and 50,000 miles (80,000Â km) respectively. After all three cars had completed the run, their combined distance was 300,000 miles (480,000Â km) (all records were FIA approved).[clarification needed]
- Mercedes-Benz pioneered a system calledÂ Pre-SafeÂ to detect an imminent crash â€“ and prepares the car’s safety systems to respond optimally. It also calculates the optimal braking force required to avoid an accident in emergency situations and makes it immediately available for when the driver depresses the brake pedal. Occupants are also prepared by tightening the seat belt, closing the sunroof and windows, and moving the seats into the optimal position.
- At 181 horsepower per litre, the M133 engine installed in Mercedes-Benz A45 AMG is the most powerful series-production four-cylinder turbocharged motor (as of June 2013) and has one of the highest power density for a passenger vehicle.
Half a century of vehicle safety innovation helped win Mercedes-Benz the Safety Award at the 2007Â What Car?Â Awards.
In the 1980s, Mercedes built the world’s first robot car, together with the team of ProfessorÂ Ernst DickmannsÂ atÂ Bundeswehr University Munich.Â Encouraged in part by Dickmanns’ success, in 1987 the European Union’sÂ EUREKAÂ programme initiated theÂ Prometheus ProjectÂ on autonomous vehicles, funded to the tune of nearly â‚¬800Â million. In 1995 Dickmanns’ re-engineered autonomousÂ S-ClassÂ Mercedes took a long trip fromÂ MunichÂ in Bavaria toÂ CopenhagenÂ in Denmark, and back. On highways, the robot achieved speeds exceeding 175Â km/h (109Â mph) (permissible in some areas of the GermanÂ Autobahn).
In October 2015, the company introduced the Vision Tokyo, a five-seat self-driving electric van powered by a hybrid hydrogen fuel-cell system. The super-sleek van is touted as “a chill-out zone in the midst of megacity traffic mayhem.”Â 
Several companies have becomeÂ car tunersÂ (or modifiers) of Mercedes Benz, in order to increase performance and/or luxury to a given model.Â AMGÂ is Mercedes-Benz’s in-house performance-tuning division, specialising in high-performance versions of most Mercedes-Benz cars. AMG engines are all hand-built,Â and each completed engine receives a tag with the signature of the engineer who built it. AMG has been wholly owned by Mercedes-Benz since 1999.Â The 2009Â SLS AMG, a revival of the 300SL Gullwing, is the first car to be entirely developed by AMG.
https://en.wikipedia.orgtheir stadium, theÂ Mercedes-Benz Arena. The company also holds the naming rights to theÂ Mercedes-Benz Superdome, anÂ American footballÂ stadium inÂ New Orleans,Â Louisiana, United States.Â On 24 August 2015, Mercedes-Benz was announced as the naming rights sponsor for theÂ Atlanta Falcons‘ new home,Â Mercedes-Benz Stadium, (Mercedes-Benz’s US headquarters are inÂ Greater Atlanta) which opened in August 2017.
magician Steven Frayne, also known as Dynamo, to create a video called Dynamo vs Coulthard.Â Formula OneÂ driverÂ David CoulthardÂ drove Dynamo around a track at race-speed in aÂ Mercedes-Benz SL63 AMG, before Dynamo successfully drove around the same track in the same car whilst blindfolded and surrounded by pyrotechnics.Â The stunt was part of the finale for Series 3 ofÂ Dynamo: Magician Impossible, screened on UK television channelÂ Watch.