Arsenal Football ClubÂ is a professionalÂ footballÂ club based inÂ Islington,Â London, England, that plays in theÂ Premier League, the top flight ofÂ English football. The most successful London club, they haveÂ wonÂ 13Â League titlesÂ (including oneÂ unbeatenÂ league title), a record 13Â FA Cups, twoÂ League Cups, 15Â FA Community Shields, theÂ League Centenary Trophy, oneÂ UEFA Cup Winners’ CupÂ and oneÂ Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.
Arsenal was the first club from the South of England to joinÂ The Football League, in 1893, and they reached theÂ First DivisionÂ in 1904. Relegated only once, in 1913, they continue the longest streak in the top division,Â and have won the second-most top-flight matches in English football history.Â In the 1930s, Arsenal won five League Championships and two FA Cups, and another FA Cup and two Championships after the war. InÂ 1970â€“71, they won their firstÂ League and FA Cup Double. Between 1989 and 2005, they won five League titles and five FA Cups, including two more Doubles. They completed the 20th century with the highest average league position.
Herbert Chapman, who changed the fortunes of Arsenal forever won the club the first silverware and his legacy led the club to dominate the 1930s decade but died prematurely ofÂ pneumoniaÂ in 1934. He helped introduce theÂ WM formation,Â floodlights, andÂ shirt numbers,Â he also added the white sleeves and brighter red to the club’s jersey.Â ArsÃ¨ne WengerÂ was the longest-serving manager and won the most trophies. He wonÂ a recordÂ seven FA Cups, and his title-winning team set anÂ English recordÂ for the longest top-flight unbeaten league run at 49 games between 2003 and 2004,Â and in 2003-04 going an entire season unbeaten for the first time in modern history,Â receiving the nicknameÂ The Invincibles.
In 1886,Â Woolwich munitionsÂ workers founded the club as Dial Square. In 1913, the club crossed the city toÂ Arsenal StadiumÂ inÂ Highbury, becoming close neighbours ofÂ Tottenham Hotspur, and creating theÂ North London derby. In 2006, they moved to the nearbyÂ Emirates Stadium. In terms of revenue, Arsenal is theÂ ninth highest-earningÂ football club in the world, earned â‚¬487.6m inÂ 2016â€“17Â season.Â Based on social media activity from 2014 to 2015, Arsenal’s fanbase is the fifth largest in the world.Â In 2018,Â Forbes estimatedÂ the club was the third most valuable in England, being worth $2.24Â billion.Â Arsenal long standing LatinÂ mottoÂ “Victoria Concordia Crescit” – (“Victory Through Harmony”).
1886â€“1919: Changing names
In October 1886, ScotsmanÂ David DanskinÂ and his fellow 15 munitions workers inÂ Woolwich, now South East London, formed Arsenal as Dial Square, with each member contributing sixpence and Danskin adding another three shillings to help form the club.[a]Â Named after the heart of theÂ Royal ArsenalÂ complex, they took the name of the whole complex a month later.Â Royal Arsenal F.C.’s first home wasÂ Plumstead Common,Â though they spent most of their time in South East London playing on the other side ofÂ Plumstead, at theÂ Manor Ground. Royal Arsenal first trophies they won was theÂ Kent Senior CupÂ andÂ London Charity CupÂ inÂ 1889â€“90Â and theÂ London Senior CupÂ inÂ 1890â€“91Â these were the onlyÂ football associationÂ trophies Arsenal won during their time in South East London.Â In 1891, Royal Arsenal became the first London club to turn professional.
Royal Arsenal renamed themselves for a second time upon becoming a limited liability company in 1893. They registered their new name, Woolwich Arsenal, withÂ The Football LeagueÂ when the club ascended later that year.Â Woolwich Arsenal was the first southern member of The Football League, starting out in theÂ Second DivisionÂ and winning promotion to theÂ First DivisionÂ in 1904. Falling attendances, due to financial difficulties among the munitions workers and the arrival of more accessible football clubs elsewhere in the city, led the club close to bankruptcy by 1910.Â BusinessmenÂ Henry NorrisÂ and William Hall became involved in the club, and sought to move them elsewhere.
In 1913, soon after relegation back to the Second Division, Woolwich Arsenal moved to the newÂ Arsenal StadiumÂ inÂ Highbury, North London. This saw their third change of name: the following year, they reduced Woolwich Arsenal to simply The Arsenal.Â In 1919, The Football League voted to promote The Arsenal, instead of relegated local rivalsÂ Tottenham Hotspur, into theÂ newly enlargedÂ First Division, despite only listing the club sixth in the Second Division’s last pre-war season ofÂ 1914â€“15. Some books have speculated that the club won this election to division one by dubious means.[b]Â Later that year, The Arsenal started dropping “The” in official documents, gradually shifting its name for the final time towards Arsenal, as it is generally known today.
1919â€“1953: Bank of England Club
With a new home and First Division football, attendances were more than double those at the Manor Ground, and Arsenal’s budget grew rapidly.Â Their location and record-breaking salary offer lured starÂ Huddersfield TownÂ managerÂ Herbert ChapmanÂ in 1925.Â Over the next five years, Chapman built a new Arsenal. He appointed enduring new trainerÂ Tom Whittaker,Â implementedÂ Charlie Buchan‘s new twist on the nascentÂ WM formation,Â captured young players likeÂ Cliff BastinÂ andÂ Eddie Hapgood, and lavished Highbury’s income on stars likeÂ David JackÂ andÂ Alex James. With record-breakingÂ spendingÂ and gate receipts, Arsenal quickly became known as theÂ Bank of England club.
Transformed, Chapman’s Arsenal claimed their first national trophy, theÂ FA Cup, inÂ 1930. Two League Championships followed, inÂ 1930â€“31Â andÂ 1932â€“33.Â Chapman also presided over multiple off the pitch changes: white sleeves and shirt numbers were added to the kit;[c]Â a Tube stationÂ was named after the club;Â and the first of two opulent,Â Art DecoÂ stands was completed, with some of the first floodlights in English football.Â Suddenly, in the middle of theÂ 1933â€“34Â season, Chapman died ofÂ pneumonia.Â His work was left toÂ Joe ShawÂ andÂ George Allison, who saw out a hat-trick with theÂ 1933â€“34Â andÂ 1934â€“35Â titles, and then won theÂ 1936 FA CupÂ andÂ 1937â€“38Â title.
World War IIÂ meant The Football League was suspended for seven years, but Arsenal returned to win it in the second post-war season,Â 1947â€“48. This was Tom Whittaker’s first season as manager, after his promotion to succeed Allison, and the club had equalled theÂ champions of England record. They won a third FA Cup inÂ 1950, and then won a record-breaking seventh championship inÂ 1952â€“53.Â However, the war had taken its toll on Arsenal. The club had had more players killed than any top flight club,Â and debt from reconstructing the North Bank Stand bled Arsenal’s resources.
1953â€“1986: Mediocrity, Mee and Neill
Arsenal were not to win the League or the FA Cup for another 18 years. The ’53 Champions squad was old, and the club failed to attract strong enough replacements.Â Although Arsenal were competitive during these years, their fortunes had waned; the club spent most of the 1950s and 1960s in midleague mediocrity.Â Even formerÂ EnglandÂ captainÂ Billy WrightÂ could not bring the club any success as manager, in a stint between 1962 and 1966.
Arsenal tentatively appointed clubÂ physiotherapistÂ Bertie MeeÂ as acting manager in 1966.Â With new assistantÂ Don HoweÂ and new players such asÂ Bob McNabÂ andÂ George Graham, Mee led Arsenal to their firstÂ League CupÂ finals, inÂ 1967â€“68Â andÂ 1968â€“69. Next season saw a breakthrough: Arsenal’s first competitive European trophy, theÂ 1969â€“70 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. AndÂ the season after, an even greater triumph: Arsenal’s firstÂ LeagueÂ andÂ FA CupÂ double, and a newÂ champions of England record.Â This marked a premature high point of the decade; the Double-winning side was soon broken up and the rest of the decade was characterised by a series of near misses, starting with Arsenal finishing as FA Cup runners up inÂ 1972, and First Division runners-up inÂ 1972â€“73.
Former playerÂ Terry NeillÂ succeeded Mee in 1976. At the age of 34, he became the youngest Arsenal manager to date.Â With new signings likeÂ Malcolm MacdonaldÂ andÂ Pat Jennings, and a crop of talent in the side such asÂ Liam BradyÂ andÂ Frank Stapleton, the club reached a trio of FA Cup finals (1978,Â 1979Â andÂ 1980), and lost theÂ 1980 European Cup Winners’ Cup FinalÂ onÂ penalties. The club’s only trophy during this time was a last-minute 3â€“2 victory overÂ Manchester UnitedÂ in theÂ 1979 FA Cup Final, widely regarded as a classic.
1986â€“1996: George Graham
One of Bertie Mee’s double winners,Â George Graham, returned as manager in 1986, with Arsenal winning their first League Cup inÂ 1987, Graham’s first season in charge. By 1988, new signingsÂ Nigel Winterburn,Â Lee DixonÂ andÂ Steve BouldÂ had joined the club to complete the “famous Back Four” led by existing playerÂ Tony Adams.Â They immediately won the 1988Â Football League Centenary Trophy, and followed it with theÂ 1988â€“89 Football LeagueÂ title, snatched with a last-minute goal in theÂ final game of the seasonÂ against fellow title challengersÂ Liverpool.Â Graham’s Arsenal won another title inÂ 1990â€“91, losing only one match, won theÂ FA CupÂ andÂ League CupÂ double in 1993, and theÂ European Cup Winners’ Cup, inÂ 1994. Graham’s reputation was tarnished when he was found to have taken kickbacks from agentÂ Rune HaugeÂ for signing certain players,[d]Â and he was dismissed in 1995. His permanent replacement,Â Bruce Rioch, lasted for only one season, leaving the club after a dispute with the board of directors.
1996â€“2018: The Wenger Years
The club metamorphosed during the long tenure of managerÂ ArsÃ¨ne Wenger, appointed in 1996. New, attacking football,Â an overhaul of dietary and fitness practices,[e]Â and efficiency with money[f]Â have defined his reign. Accumulating key players from Wenger’s homeland, such asÂ Patrick VieiraÂ andÂ Thierry Henry, Arsenal won a second League and Cup double inÂ 1997â€“98Â and a third inÂ 2001â€“02. In addition, the club reached the final of theÂ 1999â€“2000 UEFA Cup, were victorious in theÂ 2003Â andÂ 2005Â FA Cups, and won the Premier League inÂ 2003â€“04Â without losing a single match, an achievement which earned the side the nickname “The Invincibles“.Â This latter feat came within a run of 49 league matches unbeaten from 7 May 2003 to 24 October 2004, aÂ national record.
Arsenal finished in either first or second place in the league in eight of Wenger’s first nine seasons at the club, although on no occasion were they able to retain the title.Â The club had never progressed beyond the quarter-finals of theÂ Champions LeagueÂ untilÂ 2005â€“06; in that season they became the first club from London in the competition’s fifty-year history to reachÂ the final, in which they were beaten 2â€“1 byÂ Barcelona.Â In July 2006, they moved into theÂ Emirates Stadium, after 93 years at Highbury.Â Arsenal reached the final of theÂ 2007Â andÂ 2011Â League Cups, losing 2â€“1 toÂ ChelseaÂ andÂ Birmingham CityÂ respectively.
The club had not gained a major trophy since the 2005 FA Cup until 17 May 2014 when, spearheaded by then club-record acquisitionÂ Mesut Ã–zil, Arsenal beatÂ Hull CityÂ in theÂ 2014 FA Cup Final, coming back from a 2â€“0 deficit to win the match 3â€“2.Â A year later, Arsenal appeared in the FA Cup final for the second time in a row, defeatingÂ Aston VillaÂ 4â€“0 in theÂ finalÂ and becoming the most successful club in the tournament’s history with 12 titles, a record which Manchester United would tie the following season.Â Arsenal later won theÂ FA CupÂ for a record 13th time, defeating Chelsea 2â€“1 in theÂ 2017 finalÂ and once more becoming the outright leader in terms of FA Cups won. The victory also saw Wenger become the first manager in English football history to win seven FA Cups. However, in that same season, Arsenal finished in the fifth position in the league, the first time they had finished outside the top four since before Wenger arrived in 1996.Â After another unspectacular league season the following year, Wenger announced his departure from the club on 20 April 2018, after 22 years as manager.Â His decision was met by responses of praise throughout English and world football from many pundits and former players, who also thanked him for developing them as people.Â His final home match in charge was a 5â€“0 win overÂ BurnleyÂ where his entrance was met to a standing ovation by supporters.Â The final match under the Wenger era was a 1â€“0 away victory against Huddersfield.
2018â€“present: Post-Wenger Era
After conducting an overhaul in the club’s operating model to coincide with Wenger’s departure, Basque-SpaniardÂ Unai EmeryÂ was named as the club’s new head coach on 23 May 2018. He would become the club’s first ever ‘head coach’, while also their second ever manager from outside theÂ United Kingdom.Â In Emery’sÂ first season, Arsenal finished fifth in the Premier League and finished as runner-up in theÂ Europa League.
On 29 November 2019, Emery was sacked after a 2â€“1 defeat at home toÂ Eintracht FrankfurtÂ in the Europa League group stages. The club were on a seven-game winless run across all competitions and there was an eight-point gap to fourth place in the Premier League after 13 games. Former player and assistant first team coachÂ Freddie LjungbergÂ was appointed as the interim head-coach.Â On 20 December 2019, Arsenal appointed former midfielder and club captainÂ Mikel ArtetaÂ as their new head coach on a three-and-a-half-year contract. He joined from Manchester City having worked there as an assistant manager.
The ‘monogram’ badge as used in theÂ 1930 FA Cup Final
Unveiled in 1888, Royal Arsenal’s firstÂ crestÂ featured threeÂ cannonsÂ viewed from above, pointing northwards, similar to theÂ coat of armsÂ of theÂ Metropolitan Borough of WoolwichÂ (nowadays transferred to theÂ coat of arms of the Royal Borough of Greenwich). These can sometimes be mistaken for chimneys, but the presence of a carved lion’s head and aÂ cascabelÂ on each are clear indicators that they are cannons.Â This was dropped after the move to Highbury in 1913, only to be reinstated in 1922, when the club adopted a crest featuring a single cannon, pointing eastwards, with the club’s nickname,Â The Gunners, inscribed alongside it; this crest only lasted until 1925, when the cannon was reversed to point westward and its barrel slimmed down.
In 1949, the club unveiled a modernised crest featuring the same style of cannon below the club’s name, set inÂ blackletter, and above the coat of arms of theÂ Metropolitan Borough of IslingtonÂ and a scroll inscribed with the club’s newly adopted LatinÂ motto,Â Victoria Concordia Crescit –Â “victory comes from harmony” â€“ coined by the club’s programme editor Harry Homer.Â For the first time, the crest was rendered in colour, which varied slightly over the crest’s lifespan, finally becoming red, gold and green. Because of the numerous revisions of the crest, Arsenal were unable toÂ copyrightÂ it. Although the club had managed to register the crest as a trademark, and had fought (and eventually won) a long legal battle with a local street trader who sold “unofficial” Arsenal merchandise,Â Arsenal eventually sought a more comprehensive legal protection. Therefore, in 2002 they introduced a new crest featuring more modern curved lines and a simplified style, which was copyrightable.Â The cannon once again faces east and the club’s name is written in aÂ sans-serifÂ typeface above the cannon. Green was replaced by dark blue. The new crest was criticised by some supporters; the Arsenal Independent Supporters’ Association claimed that the club had ignored much of Arsenal’s history and tradition with such a radical modern design, and that fans had not been properly consulted on the issue.Â Until the 1960s, a badge was worn on the playing shirt only for high-profile matches such as FA Cup finals, usually in the form of aÂ monogramÂ of the club’s initials in red on a white background.
The monogram theme was developed into anÂ Art Deco-style badge on which the letters A and C framed a football rather than the letter F, the whole set within a hexagonal border. This early example of a corporate logo, introduced as part of Herbert Chapman’s rebranding of the club in the 1930s, was used not only on Cup Final shirts but as a design feature throughout Highbury Stadium, including above the main entrance and inlaid in the floors.Â From 1967, a white cannon was regularly worn on the shirts, until replaced by the club crest, sometimes with the addition of the nickname “The Gunners”, in the 1990s.
In the 2011â€“12 season, Arsenal celebrated their 125th anniversary. The celebrations included a modified version of the current crest worn on their jerseys for the season. The crest was all white, surrounded by 15Â oakÂ leaves to the right and 15Â laurelÂ leaves to the left. The oak leaves represent the 15 founding members of the club who met at the Royal Oak pub. The 15 laurel leaves represent the design detail on the six pence pieces paid by the founding fathers to establish the club. The laurel leaves also represent strength. To complete the crest, 1886 and 2011 are shown on either sides of the motto “Forward” at the bottom of the crest.
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For much of Arsenal’s history, their home colours have been bright red shirts with white sleeves and white shorts, though this has not always been the case. The choice of red is in recognition of a charitable donation fromÂ Nottingham Forest, soon after Arsenal’s foundation in 1886. Two of Dial Square’s founding members,Â Fred BeardsleyÂ andÂ Morris Bates, were former Forest players who had moved to Woolwich for work. As they put together the first team in the area, no kit could be found, so Beardsley and Bates wrote home for help and received a set of kit and a ball.Â The shirt was redcurrant, a dark shade of red, and was worn with white shorts and socks with blue and white hoops.Â In 1933, Herbert Chapman, wanting his players to be more distinctly dressed, updated the kit, adding white sleeves and changing the shade to a brighterÂ pillar boxÂ red. Two possibilities have been suggested for the origin of the white sleeves. One story reports that Chapman noticed a supporter in the stands wearing a red sleeveless sweater over a white shirt; another was that he was inspired by a similar outfit worn by the cartoonistÂ Tom Webster, with whom Chapman played golf.Â Regardless of which story is true, the red and white shirts have come to define Arsenal and the team have worn the combination ever since, aside from two seasons. The first was 1966â€“67, when Arsenal wore all-red shirts;Â this proved unpopular and the white sleeves returned the following season. The second was 2005â€“06, the last season that Arsenal played at Highbury, when the team wore commemorative redcurrant shirts similar to those worn in 1913, their first season in the stadium; the club reverted to their normal colours at the start of the next season.Â In the 2008â€“09 season, Arsenal replaced the traditional all-white sleeves with red sleeves with a broad white stripe.
Arsenal’s home colours have been the inspiration for at least three other clubs. In 1909,Â Sparta PragueÂ adopted a dark red kit like the one Arsenal wore at the time;Â in 1938,Â HibernianÂ adopted the design of the Arsenal shirt sleeves in their own green and white strip.Â In 1941, Luis Robledo, an England-schooled founder ofÂ Santa FeÂ and a fan of Arsenal, selected the main colors for his newly created team. In 1920,Â Sporting Clube de Braga‘s manager returned from a game at Highbury and changed his team’s green kit to a duplicate of Arsenal’s red with white sleeves and shorts, giving rise to the team’s nickname ofÂ Os Arsenalistas.Â These teams still wear those designs to this day.
For many years Arsenal’s away colours were white or navy blue. However, in 1968 the FA banned navy shirts (they looked too similar to referees’ black kit) so in the 1969â€“70 season, Arsenal introduced an away kit of yellow shirts with blue shorts. This kit was worn in the 1971 FA Cup Final as Arsenal beat Liverpool to secure the double for the first time in their history. The yellow and blue strip became almost as famous as their iconic red and white home kit.Â Arsenal reached theÂ FA Cup finalÂ again the following year wearing the red and white home strip and were beaten byÂ Leeds United. Arsenal then competed in three consecutive FA Cup finals betweenÂ 1978Â andÂ 1980Â wearing their “lucky” yellow and blue strip,Â which remained the club’s away strip until the release of a green and navy away kit in 1982â€“83. The following season, Arsenal returned to the yellow and blue scheme, albeit with a darker shade of blue than before.
WhenÂ NikeÂ took over fromÂ AdidasÂ as Arsenal’s kit provider in 1994, Arsenal’s away colours were again changed to two-tone blue shirts and shorts. Since the advent of the lucrative replica kit market, the away kits have been changed regularly, with Arsenal usually releasing both away and third choice kits. During this period the designs have been either all blue designs, or variations on the traditional yellow and blue, such as the metallic gold and navy strip used in the 2001â€“02 season, the yellow and dark grey used from 2005 to 2007, and the yellow and maroon of 2010 to 2013.Â Until 2014, the away kit was changed every season, and the outgoing away kit became the third-choice kit if a new home kit was being introduced in the same year.Â SinceÂ PumaÂ began manufacturing Arsenal’s kits in 2014, new home, away and third kits are released every single season.Â From the 2019â€“20 season Arsenal’s kits will be manufactured by Adidas.
Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors
Before joining the Football League, Arsenal played briefly onÂ Plumstead Common, then at theÂ Manor GroundÂ inÂ Plumstead, then spent three years between 1890 and 1893 at the nearbyÂ Invicta Ground. Upon joining the Football League in 1893, the club returned to the Manor Ground and installed stands andÂ terracing, upgrading it from just a field. Arsenal continued to play their home games there for the next twenty years (with two exceptions in the 1894â€“95 season), until the move to north London in 1913.
Widely referred to as Highbury,Â Arsenal StadiumÂ was the club’s home from September 1913 until May 2006. The original stadium was designed by the renowned football architectÂ Archibald Leitch, and had a design common to many football grounds in the UK at the time, with a single covered stand and three open-air banks of terracing.Â The entire stadium was given a massive overhaul in the 1930s: newÂ Art DecoÂ West and East stands were constructed, opening in 1932 and 1936 respectively, and a roof was added to the North Bank terrace, which was bombed during the Second World War and not restored until 1954.
Highbury could hold more than 60,000 spectators at its peak, and had a capacity of 57,000 until the early 1990s. TheÂ Taylor ReportÂ and Premier League regulations obliged Arsenal to convert Highbury to an all-seater stadium in time for the 1993â€“94 season, thus reducing the capacity to 38,419 seated spectators.Â This capacity had to be reduced further duringÂ Champions LeagueÂ matches to accommodate additional advertising boards, so much so that for two seasons, from 1998 to 2000, Arsenal played Champions League home matches atÂ Wembley, which could house more than 70,000 spectators.
Expansion of Highbury was restricted because the East Stand had been designated as aÂ Grade II listedÂ building and the other three stands were close to residential properties.Â These limitations prevented the club from maximising matchday revenue during the 1990s and first decade of the 21st century, putting them in danger of being left behind in the football boom of that time.Â After considering various options, in 2000 Arsenal proposed building a new 60,361-capacity stadium at Ashburton Grove, since named theÂ Emirates Stadium, about 500Â metres south-west of Highbury.Â The project was initially delayed by red tape and rising costs,Â and construction was completed in July 2006, in time for the start of the 2006â€“07 season.Â The stadium was named after its sponsors, the airline companyÂ Emirates, with whom the club signed the largest sponsorship deal in English football history, worth around Â£100Â million.Â Some fans referred to the ground as Ashburton Grove, or the Grove, as they did not agree with corporate sponsorship of stadium names.Â The stadium will be officially known as Emirates Stadium until at least 2028, and the airline will be the club’s shirt sponsor until at least 2024.Â From the start of the 2010â€“11 season on, the stands of the stadium have been officially known as North Bank, East Stand, West Stand and Clock end.
Arsenal’s players train at theÂ Shenley Training CentreÂ in Hertfordshire, a purpose-built facility which opened in 1999.Â Before that the club used facilities on a nearby site owned by theÂ University College of London Students’ Union. Until 1961 they had trained at Highbury.Â Arsenal’sÂ Academy under-18Â teams play their home matches at Shenley, while theÂ reservesÂ play their games atÂ Meadow Park,Â which is also the home ofÂ Boreham Wood F.C.Â Both theÂ Academy under-18Â & theÂ reservesÂ occasionally play their big games at the Emirates in front of a crowd reduced to only the lower west stand.
Support and Rivalry
Arsenal’s fanbase are referred to as “Gooners” – the name derived from the club’s nickname “The Gunners”. Virtually all home matches sell out; in 2007â€“08 Arsenal had the second-highest average League attendance for an English club (60,070, which was 99.5% of available capacity),Â and, as of 2015, the third-highest all-time average attendance.Â Arsenal have the seventh highest average attendance of European football clubs only behindÂ Borussia Dortmund,Â FC Barcelona,Â Manchester United,Â Real Madrid,Â Bayern Munich, andÂ Schalke.Â The club’s location, adjoining wealthy areas such asÂ CanonburyÂ andÂ Barnsbury, mixed areas such asÂ Islington,Â Holloway,Â Highbury, and the adjacentÂ London Borough of Camden, and largely working-class areas such asÂ Finsbury ParkÂ andÂ Stoke Newington, has meant that Arsenal’s supporters have come from a variety of social classes. Much of the Afro-Caribbean support comes from the neighbouringÂ London Borough of HackneyÂ and a large portion of the South Asian Arsenal supporters commute to the stadium fromÂ Wembley Park, North West of the capital. There was also traditionally a large Irish community that followed Arsenal, with the nearbyÂ ArchwayÂ area having a particularly large community, but Irish migration to North London is much lower than in the 1960s or 1970s.
Like all major English football clubs, Arsenal have a number of domestic supporters’ clubs, including the Arsenal Football Supporters’ Club, which works closely with the club, and the Arsenal Independent Supporters’ Association, which maintains a more independent line. TheÂ Arsenal Supporters’ TrustÂ promotes greater participation in ownership of the club by fans. The club’s supporters also publishÂ fanzinesÂ such asÂ The Gooner,Â GunflashÂ and the satiricalÂ Up The Arse!. In addition to the usual EnglishÂ football chants, supporters sing “One-Nil to the Arsenal” (to the tune of “Go West“).
There have always been Arsenal supporters outside London, and since the advent of satellite television, a supporter’s attachment to a football club has become less dependent on geography. Consequently, Arsenal have a significant number of fans from beyond London and all over the world; in 2007, 24 UK, 37 Irish and 49 other overseas supporters clubs were affiliated with the club.Â A 2011 report by SPORT+MARKT estimated Arsenal’s global fanbase at 113Â million.Â The club’s social media activity was the fifth highest in world football during the 2014â€“15 season.
Arsenal’s longest-running and deepest rivalry is with their nearest major neighbours,Â Tottenham Hotspur; matches between the two are referred to asÂ North London derbies.Â Other rivalries within London include those withÂ Chelsea,Â FulhamÂ andÂ West Ham United. In addition, Arsenal and Manchester United developed a strong on-pitch rivalry in the late 1980s, which intensified in recent years when both clubs were competing for the Premier League titleÂ â€“ so much so that a 2003Â online pollÂ by theÂ Football Fans CensusÂ listed Manchester United as Arsenal’s biggest rivals, followed by Tottenham and Chelsea.Â A 2008 poll listed the Tottenham rivalry as more important.
Ownership and finances
The largest shareholder on the Arsenal board is American sports tycoonÂ Stan Kroenke.Â Kroenke first launched a bid for the club in April 2007,Â and faced competition for shares from Red and White Securities, which acquired its first shares offÂ David DeinÂ in August 2007.Â Red & White Securities was co-owned by Russian billionaireÂ Alisher UsmanovÂ and Iranian London-based financierÂ Farhad Moshiri, though Usmanov bought Moshiri’s stake in 2016.Â Kroenke came close to the 30% takeover threshold in November 2009, when he increased his holding to 18,594 shares (29.9%).Â In April 2011, Kroenke achieved a full takeover by purchasing the shareholdings ofÂ Nina Bracewell-SmithÂ andÂ Danny Fiszman, taking his shareholding to 62.89%.Â As of May 2017, Kroenke owns 41,721 shares (67.05%) and Red & White Securities own 18,695 shares (30.04%).Â In January 2018, Kroenke expanded his ownership, buying twenty-two more shares taking his total ownership to 67.09%Â Â In August 2018, Kroenke bought out Usmanov for 550 million pounds giving him more than 90% of the shares and giving him the required stake to complete the buyout of the remaining shares making him the sole owner.Â Ivan GazidisÂ has been the club’s Chief executive since 2009.
Arsenal’s parent company, Arsenal Holdings plc, operates as aÂ non-quotedÂ public limited company, whose ownership is considerably different from that of other football clubs. Only 62,219 shares in Arsenal have been issued,Â and they are not traded on a public exchange such as theÂ FTSEÂ orÂ AIM; instead, they are traded relatively infrequently on theÂ ICAPÂ Securities and Derivatives Exchange, a specialist market. On 29 May 2017, a single share in Arsenal had aÂ mid priceÂ of Â£18,000, which sets the club’sÂ market capitalisationÂ value at approximately Â£1,119.9m.Â Most football clubs are not listed on an exchange, which makes direct comparisons of their values difficult. ConsultantsÂ Brand FinanceÂ valued the club’s brand and intangible assets at $703m in 2015, and consider Arsenal an AAA global brand.Â Business magazineÂ ForbesÂ valuedÂ Arsenal as a whole at $2.238Â billion (Â£1.69Â billion) in 2018, ranked third in English football.Â Research by theÂ Henley Business SchoolÂ also ranked Arsenal second in English football, modelling the club’s value at Â£1.118Â billion in 2015.
Arsenal’s financial results for theÂ 2014â€“15Â season show group revenue of Â£344.5m, with a profit before tax of Â£24.7m.Â The footballing core of the business showed a revenue of Â£329.3m. TheÂ Deloitte Football Money LeagueÂ is a publication that homogenises and compares clubs’ annual revenue. They put Arsenal’s footballing revenue at Â£331.3m (â‚¬435.5m), ranking Arsenal seventh among world football clubs.Â Arsenal andÂ DeloitteÂ both list the match day revenue generated by the Emirates Stadium as Â£100.4m, more than any other football stadium in the world.
In popular culture
Arsenal have appeared in a number of media “firsts”. On 22 January 1927, their match at Highbury againstÂ Sheffield UnitedÂ was the first English League match to be broadcast live on radio.Â A decade later, on 16 September 1937, an exhibition match between Arsenal’s first team and the reserves was the first football match in the world to be televised live.Â Arsenal also featured in the first edition of theÂ BBC‘sÂ Match of the Day, which screened highlights of their match against Liverpool atÂ AnfieldÂ on 22 August 1964.Â Sky‘s coverage of Arsenal’s January 2010 match againstÂ Manchester UnitedÂ was the first live public broadcast of a sports event onÂ 3D television.
As one of the most successful teams in the country, Arsenal have often featured when football is depicted in the arts in Britain. They formed the backdrop to one of the earliest football-related novels,Â The Arsenal Stadium MysteryÂ (1939), which wasÂ made into a filmÂ in the same year.Â The story centres on aÂ friendly matchÂ between Arsenal and an amateur side, one of whose players is poisoned while playing. Many Arsenal players appeared as themselves in the film and managerÂ George AllisonÂ was given a speaking part.Â More recently, the bookÂ Fever PitchÂ byÂ Nick HornbyÂ was an autobiographical account of Hornby’s life and relationship with football and Arsenal in particular. Published in 1992, it formed part of the revival and rehabilitation of football in British society during the 1990s.Â The book was twice adapted for the cinemaÂ â€“ theÂ 1997 British filmÂ focuses on Arsenal’s 1988â€“89 title win, and aÂ 2005 American versionÂ features a fan of baseball’sÂ Boston Red Sox.
Arsenal have often been stereotyped as aÂ defensiveÂ and “boring” side, especially during the 1970s and 1980s;Â many comedians, such asÂ Eric Morecambe, made jokes about this at the team’s expense. The theme was repeated in the 1997 filmÂ The Full Monty, in a scene where the lead actors move in a line and raise their hands, deliberately mimicking the Arsenal defence’sÂ offside trap, in an attempt to co-ordinate theirÂ stripteaseÂ routine.Â Another film reference to the club’s defence comes in the filmÂ Plunkett & Macleane, in which two characters are named Dixon and Winterburn after Arsenal’s long-serving full backsÂ â€“ the right-sidedÂ Lee DixonÂ and the left-sidedÂ Nigel Winterburn.
In the community
In 1985, Arsenal founded aÂ community scheme, “Arsenal in the Community”, which offered sporting,Â social inclusion, educational and charitable projects. The club support a number of charitable causes directly and in 1992 established The Arsenal Charitable Trust, which by 2006 had raised more than Â£2Â million for local causes.Â An ex-professional and celebrity football team associated with the club also raised money by playing charity matches.Â The club launched the Arsenal for Everyone initiative in 2008 as an annual celebration of the diversity of the Arsenal family.Â In the 2009â€“10 season Arsenal announced that they had raised a record breaking Â£818,897 for theÂ Great Ormond Street Hospital Children’s Charity. The original target was Â£500,000.
Save the ChildrenÂ has been Arsenal global charity partner since 2011 and have worked together in numerous projects to improve safety and well-being for vulnerable children in London and abroad. On 3 September 2016 The Arsenal Foundation has donated Â£1m to build football pitches for children in London, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan and Somalia thanks to The Arsenal Foundation Legends Match against Milan Glorie at the Emirates Stadium.Â On 3 June 2018 Arsenal will play Real Madrid in the Corazon Classic Match 2018 at the Bernabeu, where the proceeds will go to Real Madrid Foundation projects that are aimed at the most vulnerable children. In addition there will be a return meeting on 8 September 2018 at the Emirates stadium where proceeds will go towards the Arsenal foundation.
Statistics and records
Arsenal’s tally of 13 League Championships is theÂ third highestÂ in English football, after Manchester United (20) and Liverpool (19),Â and they were the first clubÂ to reachÂ a seventh and an eighth League Championship. As of June 2020, they are one of seven teams, the others being Manchester United,Â Blackburn Rovers,Â Chelsea,Â Manchester City,Â Leicester CityÂ and Liverpool, to have won the Premier League since its formation in 1992.
They hold the highest number of FA Cup trophies, with 13.Â The club is one of only six clubs to have won the FA Cup twice in succession, in 2002 and 2003, and 2014 and 2015.Â Arsenal have achieved three League and FA Cup “Doubles” (in 1971, 1998 and 2002), a feat only previously achieved by Manchester United (in 1994, 1996 and 1999).Â They were the first side in English football to complete the FA Cup and League Cup double, in 1993.Â Arsenal were also the first London club to reach the final of the UEFA Champions League, in 2006, losing the final 2â€“1 toÂ Barcelona.
Arsenal have one of the best top-flight records in history, having finished below fourteenth only seven times. They have won the second most top flight league matches in English football, and have also accumulated the second most points,Â whether calculated by two points per winÂ or by the contemporary points value.Â They have been in the top flight for the most consecutive seasons (94 as of 2019â€“20).Â Arsenal also have the highest average league finishing position for the 20th century, with an average league placement of 8.5.
Arsenal hold the record for the longest run of unbeaten League matches (49 between May 2003 and October 2004).Â This included all 38 matches of their title-winningÂ 2003â€“04Â season, when Arsenal became only the second club to finish a top-flight campaign unbeaten, afterÂ Preston North EndÂ (who played only 22 matches) inÂ 1888â€“89.Â They also hold the record for the longest top flight win streak.
Arsenal set a Champions League record during the 2005â€“06 season by going ten matches without conceding a goal, beating the previous best of seven set byÂ A.C. Milan. They went a record total stretch of 995Â minutes without letting an opponent score; the streak ended inÂ the final, whenÂ Samuel Eto’oÂ scored a 76th-minute equaliser for Barcelona.
David O’LearyÂ holds the record for Arsenal appearances, having played 722 first-team matches between 1975 and 1993. FellowÂ centre halfÂ and former captainÂ Tony AdamsÂ comes second, having played 669 times. The record for aÂ goalkeeperÂ is held byÂ David Seaman, with 564 appearances.
Thierry HenryÂ is the club’s top goalscorer with 228 goals in all competitions between 1999 and 2012,Â having surpassedÂ Ian Wright‘s total of 185 in October 2005.Â Wright’s record had stood since September 1997, when he overtook the longstanding total of 178 goals set by wingerÂ Cliff BastinÂ in 1939.Â Henry also holds the club record for goals scored in the League, with 175,Â a record that had been held by Bastin until February 2006.
Arsenal’s record home attendance is 73,707, for aÂ UEFA Champions LeagueÂ match againstÂ RC LensÂ on 25 November 1998 atÂ Wembley Stadium, where the club formerly played home European matches because of the limits on Highbury’s capacity. The record attendance for an Arsenal match at Highbury is 73,295, for a 0â€“0 draw againstÂ SunderlandÂ on 9 March 1935,Â while that at Emirates Stadium is 60,161, for a 2â€“2 draw with Manchester United on 3 November 2007.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined underÂ FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined underÂ FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Under-23s and Under-18s
- As of 24 September 2019
- Players to have featured in a first-team matchday squad for Arsenal.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined underÂ FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
The club’s current manager isÂ Mikel Arteta. The club’s previous manager wasÂ Unai Emery, who was appointed in May 2018.Â There have been nineteen permanent and sixÂ caretaker managersÂ of Arsenal since the appointment of the club’s first professional manager,Â Thomas MitchellÂ in 1897.Â The club’s longest-serving manager, in terms of both length of tenure and number of games overseen, isÂ ArsÃ¨ne Wenger, who managed the club between 1996 and 2018.Â Two Arsenal managers have died in the jobÂ â€“Â Herbert ChapmanÂ andÂ Tom Whittaker.
- As of 24 December 2019.
|Head coach||Â Mikel Arteta|
|Assistant coaches||Â Freddie Ljungberg|
|Â Steve Round|
|Â Albert Stuivenberg|
|Goalkeeping coach||Â IÃ±aki CaÃ±a Pavon|
|Â Sal Bibbo|
|Academy manager||Â Per Mertesacker|
|Under-23s manager||Â Steve Bould|
|Head of performance||Â Shad Forsythe|
|Medical director||Â Gary O’Driscoll|
|Director||Lord Harris of Peckham|
|Managing Director||Vinai Venkatesham|
|Head of Football||Raul SanllehÃ|
|Contract Negotiator||Huss Fahmy|
and FA Cups Timeline
Arsenal’s first ever silverware was won as the Royal Arsenal in 1890. TheÂ Kent Junior Cup, won by Royal Arsenal’s reserves, was the club’s first trophy, while the first team’s first trophy came three weeks later when they won theÂ Kent Senior Cup.Â Their first national senior honour came in 1930, when they won theÂ FA Cup.Â The club enjoyed further success in the 1930s, winning another FA Cup and fiveÂ Football League First DivisionÂ titles.Â Arsenal won their first league and cupÂ doubleÂ in theÂ 1970â€“71 seasonÂ and twice repeated the feat, inÂ 1997â€“98Â andÂ 2001â€“02, as well as winning a cup double of the FA Cup andÂ League CupÂ inÂ 1992â€“93.
Seasons inÂ boldÂ are seasons when the club won aÂ DoubleÂ of the league and FA Cup, or of the FA Cup and League Cup. TheÂ 2003â€“04Â season was the only 38-match league seasonÂ unbeatenÂ in English football history. A special gold version of the Premier League trophy was commissioned and presented to the club the following season.
As of 4 August 2019.[g]
EFL and Premier League
- Winners (13):Â 1930â€“31,Â 1932â€“33,Â 1933â€“34,Â 1934â€“35,Â 1937â€“38,Â 1947â€“48,Â 1952â€“53,Â 1970â€“71,Â 1988â€“89,Â 1990â€“91,Â 1997â€“98,Â 2001â€“02,Â 2003â€“04
- Winners (1)Â (record):Â 1988
- Winners (13)Â (record):Â 1929â€“30,Â 1935â€“36,Â 1949â€“50,Â 1970â€“71,Â 1978â€“79,Â 1992â€“93,Â 1997â€“98,Â 2001â€“02,Â 2002â€“03,Â 2004â€“05,Â 2013â€“14,Â 2014â€“15,Â 2016â€“17
- FA Community ShieldÂ (FA Charity Shield before 2002)
- Winners (15):Â 1930,Â 1931,Â 1933,Â 1934,Â 1938,Â 1948,Â 1953,Â 1991Â (shared),Â 1998,Â 1999,Â 2002,Â 2004,Â 2014,Â 2015,Â 2017
- UEFA Cup Winners’ CupÂ (European Cup Winners’ Cup before 1994)
- Winners (1):Â 1993â€“94
- Winners (1):Â 1969â€“70
When the FA Cup was the only nationalÂ football associationÂ competition available to Arsenal, the other football association competitions wereÂ County Cups, and they made up many of the matches the club played during a season.Â Arsenal’s first first-team trophy was a County Cup, the inauguralÂ Kent Senior Cup.Â Arsenal became ineligible for theÂ London CupsÂ when the club turned professional in 1891, and rarely participated in County Cups after this.Â Due to the club’s original location within the borders of both the London andÂ KentÂ Football Associations,Â Arsenal competed in and won trophies organised by each.
During Arsenal’s history, the club has participated in and won a variety of pre-season and friendly honours. These include Arsenal’s own pre-season competition theÂ Emirates Cup, begun in 2007.Â During the wars, previous competitions were widely suspended and the club had to participate in wartime competitions.Â During WWII, Arsenal won several of these.
UEFA club coefficient ranking
- As of 12 March 2020
|9||Â Manchester United||92.000|
|12||Â Borussia Dortmund||85.000|
Arsenal WomenÂ is the women’s football club affiliated to Arsenal. Founded as Arsenal Ladies F.C. in 1987 byÂ Vic Akers, they turnedÂ semi-professionalÂ in 2002 and are currently managed by Clair Wheatley. Akers currently holds the role of Honorary President of Arsenal Women.Â As part of the festivities surrounding their 30th anniversary in 2017, the
club announced that they were changing their formal name to Arsenal Women F.C., and would use “Arsenal” in all references except rare cases where there might be confusion with the men’s side.
Arsenal Women are the most successful team inÂ English women’s football. In the 2008â€“09 season, they won all three major English trophiesÂ â€“ theÂ FA Women’s Premier League,Â FA Women’s CupÂ andÂ FA Women’s Premier League Cup,Â and, as of 2017, were the only English side to have won the UEFA Women’s Cup orÂ UEFA Women’s Champions League, having won the Cup in the 2006â€“07 season as part of a uniqueÂ quadruple.Â The men’s and women’s clubs are formally separate entities but have quite close ties; Arsenal Women